Am. Hist. Ch 20 Terms

  1. nativism
    favoring the interests of native-born people over foreign-born people.
  2. isolationism
    opposition to political and economic entanglements with other countries
  3. communism
    an economic and political system based on one-party government and state ownership of property
  4. anarchists
    a person who opposes all forms of government
  5. Sacco and Vanzetti
    Nicola Sacco, a shoemaker; Bartolomeo Vanzetti, a fish peddler;

    italian immigrants; anarchists; evaded the draft

    arrested and charged with the robbery and murder of a factory paymaster and his guard in South Braintree, Mass.
  6. quota system
    a system that sets limits on how many immigrants from various countries a nation will admit each year
  7. John L Lewis
    leader of United Mine Workers of America, 1919

    called a strike in protest of low wages and long workdays;

    defied a court order to keep mines closed for another month; gained a 27% raise
  8. Warren G. Harding
    29th President of the United States; appealed to America's desire for calm and peace after the war, but resulted in scandal.

    Ohio senator, assumed presidency in 1921 promising a nation of "normalcy"; his cabinet members used their power to become corrupt and wealthy

    considered one of the least successful presidents.
  9. Charles Evans Hughes
    Secretary of State under Harding; he wanted no warships to be built for 10 years; Kellogg-Briand Pact--renounced war as a national policy, signed by 15 countries

    convinced 5 major nations to disarm and destory battleships, cruisers, and aircraft carriers;
  10. Fordney-Mccumber Tariff
    a setof regulations, enacted by Congress in 1922, that raised taxes on imports to record levels in order to protect American businessesagainst foreign competition
  11. Ohio Gang
    a group of close friends and political supporters whom President Warren G. Harding appointed to his cabinet
  12. Teapot Dome Scandal
    Secretary of the Interior AlbertB. Fall’s secret leasing of oil-rich public land to private companiesin return for money and land
  13. Albert B. Fall
    • U.S. Navy Secretary of the Interior, under Harding;
    • secretly leased the land to two private oil companies; Teapot Dome Scandal

    • found guilty of bribery;
    • became first American to be convicted of a felony while holding a cabinet post;
  14. Calvin Coolidge
    30th President of the United States;

    "the chief business of the American people is business..."

    favored government policies that would keep taxes down and business profits up, giving businesses more available credit in order to expand;

    government interference with business a minimum and allow private enterprise to flourish
  15. urban sprawl
    the unplanned and uncontrolled spreading of cities into surrounding regions
  16. installment plan
    an arrangement in which a purchaserpays over an extended time, without having to put downmuch money at the time of purchase
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Am. Hist. Ch 20 Terms
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