For a __________the brain is a mass of soft tissue inside the head that has to be handled very carefully when damaged.
For a ________the brain is a complex assortment of separate areas and regions, each of which has its own unique function.
Who found cells in temporal lobe that respond to specific memories.
Quiroga and colleagues
biological cells that specialize in the transmission and retention of information.
Brings electrical signal to neuron
Send electrical signal to next neuron
The signal in the axon
The gap between the dendrite and axon; bridged by neurotransmitters
the chemicals that transmit information across the synapse
gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA)
the lowering of the threshold at which a post-synaptic dendrite will begin sending an electric signal.
medial temporal lobes,
Memory areas of the brain
encodes new memories, both conscious and unconscious.
Part of limbic system
damage to the _____ can cause amnesia (acquired memory loss)
a set of brain structures, located just beneath the cerebral cortex.
It includes the hypothalamus, the hippocampus, and the amygdala.
functions as an important area for both memory and emotion.
connects features of memory with aspects of emotion.
highly connected to the hippocampus and with the hypothalamus.
an area of the brain associated with basic emotions.
This part of the brain includes the structure known as the thalamus and the hypothalamus.
includes connections between the medial temporal lobes and the hippocampus with the prefrontal lobes.
involved in the regulation of memory;
Pre frontal areas of frontal cortex
Like the hippocampus, this areas is involved in
the encoding of information into memory, but not in the actual storage or representation of that information.
Medial temporal cortex
_______lobe is for vision
____ lobe is for somatosensory; attention
_____ lobe is for audition, language, memory
_____ lobe is for higher emotion, decision-making, metacognition, memory
Serves as a routing center, connected disparate parts of the brain.
is the technology that allows us to create images that demonstrate which regions of the brain are working during a particular memory or cognitive task.
averaged EEG waves in response to the onset of a stimulus.
Event related potential (ERP)
As electrical activity moves from one area of the brain to another, it can be measured as distinct “waves” of electrical
allows scientists to get a detailed image of a living human brain without having to damage any living tissue.
different molecules in the brain react differently when placed in an extremely strong magnetic field
offer much great spatial resolution of where events take place in the brain than any other neuroimaging technique.
were interested in the differences in working or short-term memory for faces in autistic individuals.
the inability to learn and remember information after a brain-damaging event.
the inability to remember information learned before a brain-damaging event.
mild temporary amnesia.
- Ex: valium
improve memory in early Alzheimer’s disease.
the primary organ in the brain for processing odors.
involves many right hemisphere processes.
Music and memory