Art of the Ancient Near East (part 2)

  1. Image Upload 1
    • Lion Gate
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Hitties 1400 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • fortification walls made out of cyclopian (huge) stones
    • fit stones together so that no mortar was needed
    • two lions carved into stone
    • protection mechanisms to scare of evil
    • lions show that ruler inside gate has great power
  2. Image Upload 2
    • Citadel of Sargon II
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Assyrian 7200 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • king's palace 50ft above ground level (also above flood line) symbolizes his power and might
    • bent axis approach
    • large in perspective
    • ziggurat with 6 sanctuaries each representing a diggerent god
  3. Image Upload 3
    • Winged Human-Headed Bull (Lamassu)
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Assyrian 7200 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • made of limestone
    • placed at gate to entrance of city to overwhelm visitor and demonstrate ruler's power and political authority
    • human head is ruler's face
    • ward of enemies and evil (possibly religious)
    • sculpture in the round (except back)
    • high relief sculpture
    • conceptual sculpture not optical
    • very skilled technique to create multiple levels of relief
  4. Image Upload 4
    • Ashurnasirpal II at War
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Assyrian 875 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • painted relief sculpture on limestone
    • hierarchy of scale and winged figure (Ashur) denote the king
    • winged god Ashur gives king divine right
    • no ground line
    • no recession into space
    • uses overlap of figures to imply depth
  5. Image Upload 5
    • Ashurnasirpal II Drinking
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Assyrian 
    • Techniques:
    • king is seated raising a cup, libation (ritual practice)
    • carved lines denote musculature, not realistic
    • bodies in 3/4 view with frontal eyes
    • human body is thick set and weighty
  6. Image Upload 6
    • Ashurbanipal Hunting Lions
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Assyrian 650 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • made of alabaster
    • dramatic depiction of event
    • shows king's persistance to kill lions (multiple arrows in lions)
    • lions have rounded anatomy
    • humans show strength and courage 
    • no ground line
    • not sequential narrative
  7. Image Upload 7
    • Dying Lioness
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Assyrian 650 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • pain is evident in body and face but there is still great dignity
    • emphasis on musculature
    • inspires sympathy
    • very rounded
    • great attention to detail
  8. Image Upload 8
    • Ishtar Gate
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Neo-Babylonian 575 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • ruler has tremendous power and wealth
    • gate is dedicated to god, Akkad, so he protects city
    • glazed bricks made of lapis lazuli
    • molded relief animals (both real and imaginary) into certain sections of wall
  9. Image Upload 9
    • Palace of Darius
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Achaemenid 520-460 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • had streets running through it
    • houses along streets
    • all halls had columns which held up the roof
  10. Image Upload 10
    • Royal Audience Hall (Persepolis)
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Achaemenid 520-460 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • outer wall covered in relief scuplture
    • 60 feet tall, 200 sq. feet
    • 36 pillars had capitals with lions and bulls
    • designed for visual effects
  11. Image Upload 11
    • Subjects Bringing Gifts to the King
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Achaemenid 500 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • made of limeston
    • Syrians have cone-shaped hats, Babylonians have hats with wide brims
    • no recession into space
    • would've had color 
    • rounded figures in natural profile
    • medium relief
    • stylized trees (giant leaves)
  12. Image Upload 12
    • Jar Handle in Form of Winged Ibex
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Achaemenid 400-300 BCE
    • Techniques:
    • silver in laid with gold
    • advanced skill
    • ibex mimics the shape of the vase
  13. Image Upload 13
    • Ceremonial Cauldron
    • Era: Ancient Near East, Achaemenid 8th century
    • Techniques:
    • animals reduced to decorative shapes
    • horns mimic the shape of the cauldron
Author
felara9614
ID
167754
Card Set
Art of the Ancient Near East (part 2)
Description
Art of the Ancient Near East (part 2)
Updated