Metal that has been most successful in instrument production...
Stainless steel; usually with a satin finish to avoid glare.
Name the parts of a clamp...
Know the classifications of instruments:
1. cutting and dissecting
2. grasping and holding
3. clamping and occluding
4. retracting and viewing
Describe cutting and dissecting instruments:
Has one or more sharp edges.
Describe grasping and holding instruments:
They are designed to manipulate tissue to facilitate disecting or suturing; may or may not contain ratchets.
Describe clamping and occluding instruments:
They are designed to constrict tissue to "shut off the flow" will always have a ratchet and finger rings.
Describe retracting and viewing instruments:
They are designed to assist w/ the exposure of the operative site; hand-held or self-retaining/ double-ended or single-ended; many different sizes.
The 4 categories of a mayo stand:
3. Tissue forceps
* Most set ups will have retractors.
What are the characteristics/identifiers of an instrument?
curved, straight, horizontal, longitudinal, cross, with teeth, without teeth, single-ended, double-ended, sharp, dull, self-retaining, hand-held, working end, non-working end.
enlarging an opening in a progressive manner.
process of separating tissues through anatomic planes by using both sharp and blunt instruments.
holding an instrument in an atraumatic or traumatic manner.
bringing together 2 parts of the body to heal into one.
stabilizing a tissue layer in a safe position for exposing of a part.
Week 1 Introduction to surgical instruments and building a Mayo stand