# Psych Notes

 What are the two types of Choice Behavior? Simple Choice and Concurrent Choice How do we study Choice Behavior in the lab? With Skinner boxes and lever-pressing behavior. What happens during simple choice procedures? There are two response alternatives, each on its own schedule of reinforcement. What are Concurrent Schedules? What are some real world examples? Allow for continuous measurement of choice because the organism is free to change between the response alternatives at any time. How to measure Choice Behavior using Concurrent Choice Procedures? Calculate relative rate of responding for alternatvies. Rate of responding for alternative divided by total rate of responding. Relative Rates of Responding (formula) BL/(BL+BR) Relative Rate of Reinforcement (formula) rL/(rL+rR) - influenced by Relative Rates of Responding The Matching Law (and formula) BL/BR = rL/rR - Relative Rates or Responding match Relative Rate of Reinforcement When can the Matching Law not be true If Sensitivity and response bias are not taken into account with a generalized formula BL/BR = b(rL/rR)^s Undermatching and Overmatching in the Matching Law Response Bias in the Matching Law Bias for a response alternative because more effort is required for other alternatives without a significantly stronger reinforcer. What does the Matching Law predict and NOT predict? Does not predict that a choice will occur, it predicts the fraction of time in which a certain choice will occur. Molecular Maximization Choosing whatever alternative is most likely to be reinforced at the time. Molar Maximization Distributing choices among alternatives to maximize amount of reinforcement in the "long run". Melioration Acting to make something better. Choices are not optimal in the long run. Self-Control Choice of a larger, delayed reinforcer over a smaller, less delayed reinforcer. Impulsivity Chocie of a smaller, more immediate reinforcer over a larger, more delayed reinforcer. Factors that influence impulsivity Reinforcer type, quality, amount, and delay How is impulsivity affected by delay to reinforcement As delay for both reinforcers increase, choice for self-control increases. Direct Choice Procedure Concurrent Chain Procedure Precommitment Value Discounting Function Value Discounting Function (formula) - Know how k relates to impulsivity Differences between Associative Structure and Behavioral Regulatory perspectives? Pavlovian vs. Skinnerian Two-Process Theory S-O Association Consummatory-Response Theory Premack Principle Premack Principle (Instrumental and Reinforcer Responses) Response Deprivation Hypothesis Response Deprivation Hypothesis suggests about how instrumental conditioning procedures affect reinforcement Behavioral Bliss Point How to plot Bliss Point and minimal deviation points Behavioral Regulation functions much like _____________. Homeostasis Comparisons between what Psychologists and Economists study Consumer Demand Elasticity of Demand What factors affect Elasticity of Demand? Authorspazguitar306 ID16721 Card SetPsych Notes Descriptionnotes for my psych test tomorrow. Updated2010-04-29T02:04:51Z Show Answers