SPA 422 Quiz 1

  1. The person who has the affliction and all of his past experiences, psychological makeup, neurological machinery, and abilities
  2. TRUE or FALSE
    Little or no evidence that person-first terminology reduces stigma or is percieved less negative than direct lables
  3. Description of behaviors that make up stuttering
  4. Implies abnormal fluency (Same as stuttering) (dysarthria, dysphasia)
  5. Implies breaks in fluency; generic term which is preceded by "abnormal" or normal
  6. Synonymous with disfluency (term discontinued)
  7. Similar to todays stuttering and cluttering; British usage; some clients prefer this term because iti s less emotionally loaded
  8. Fluency disorder that often accompanies stuttering characterized by rapid or irregular speech rate; excessive normal disfluencies and repetitions
  9. Stuttering (typically in adults) that begins after an identifiable neurological insult or lesion
    Result of stroke, tumer, TBI
    Neurogenic Stuttering
  10. Stuttering that begins after childhood and is clearly associated with psychopathology
    Pscyhologic stuttering
  11. Smooth, effortless talking with no stuttering; facility in speaking a (foreign language); continuity and ease of speaking in aphasia
  12. Symptom-oriented perceptual definition focuses on:
  13. typical stuttered disfluencies
    • repitiions
    • prolongations
    • blocks
  14. Stuttering defined in terms of observer agreement
    Listener agreement
  15. Deviation or person-based definitions focuses on:
  16. Stuttering is defined in terms of
    • physiological
    • neurological
    • psychological
  17. Overt feature of stuttering
    • Core bahavior
    • Accessory Behaviors
  18. Not learned; physiological
    Core Behavior
  19. Core behavior
    • Syllabic repetitions
    • Sound prolongations
  20. Learned; strategies to get through the stuttering
    Accessory Behaviors
  21. Avoidance behaviors
    • Refuse to enter in convo
    • Subsitution
    • Pretend stupidity
    • Stop talking
    • Avoid situations
  22. Postponement devices (behaviors that delay-but do not avoid feared sounds, words or situations)
    Stalling, pausing
  23. Behaviors used to initiate the feared word; seemingly endless variety: blinks, head nods, gasps
    Timing devices "Starters"
  24. Behaviors that are used to terminate closures or blockages; sudden movements, may or may not be deliberate
    Interruption reactions
  25. Articulators are "pre-set" prior to the speech attempt with increased tension
    Trigger postures
  26. Common response to tense laryngeal closure; attempt to move oout of blocked position
    Vocal fry
  27. Stutterer exhales most of tidal air, the nattempts to talk- speech sounds strained and weak
    Speaking on complemental air
  28. Severe stutterers' attempts to interrupt closures
    Gasps and speech on inhalation
  29. Behaviors designed to hide or cover up the act of stuttering; Range of normal to strange appearing behaviors; coughing, laughing, covering mouth
    Disguise reactions
  30. Not observable reactions
    Covert reactions to stuttering
  31. Convert reactions
    Anxiety or fear
  32. Classification of fears
    • Situation fears
    • Fears associated with time pressure and specificity of comm.
    • Fears associated with comm. content
    • Phoneme fears
    • Word fears
  33. Other covert reactions
    • frustration
    • embarrassment, shame, guilt
    • hostility
  34. Said stuttering as a disorder of motoric timing and coordination
    Van Riper
  35. Complexity from most to least stable
    • Phonemes
    • Syllables
    • Words
    • Phrases
    • Sentences
Card Set
SPA 422 Quiz 1
SPA 422 Quiz 1