history 1:1

  1. humanism
    intellectual movement at heart of Renaissance that focused on education and classics
  2. humanities
    study of subjects such as grammar, rhetoric, poetry, and history, that were taught in ancient Greece and Rome
  3. Petrarch
    • Florentine who lived in 1300s who was a Renaissance humanist, poet, and scholar
    • built library of Greek and Roman writings
  4. Florence
    • city in Tuscany region of northern Italy
    • center of Renaissance
  5. patron
    financial supporter
  6. perspective
    artistic technique used to give paintings and drawings a 3D effect
  7. Leonardo
    • 1452-1519
    • studied structure of human body --> realistic art
    • paintings Mona Lisa and The Last Supper
  8. Michelangelo
    • 1475-1564
    • "melancholy genius" because work reflects life-long spiritual and artistic struggles
    • marble David and Pieta
    • murals on ceiling of Sistine Chapel in Rome
    • dome of St. Peter's Cathedral in Rome
  9. Raphael
    • 1483-1520
    • admired for "sweet and gracious nature"
    • blended Christian and classical styles
    • painting The School of Athens
  10. Baldassare Castigliones
    author of The Book of the Courtier
  11. Niccolo Machiavelli
    wrote The Prince about ruthless power politics
Card Set
history 1:1
the renaissance in italy