Substance Use Unit

  1. First Edition of DSM released in...
  2. Second edition of DSM released in...
  3. When were 12,000 patients evaluated
    Sept. '77 thru Sept. '79
  4. DSM III finally approved in...
    June '79
  5. OMD
    Organic Mental Disorder
  6. Temporary or permanent dysfunction of the brain...
    Intox. or Alzheimer's
  7. Causes or Organic Factors of OMD's
    • Primary Disease of Brain (Alzheimer's)
    • Withdrawal (Need more to eliminate Nausea/shaking)
  8. Physiological criteria for Alcohol Intox...
    Nystagmus (Drowsiness)
  9. Psychological criteria for Alcohol Intox...
    Loquacity (Talkative)
  10. Substance Use Disorder (SUD)
    more or less regular use of substances that affect the central nervous system
  11. Criteria for Marijuana (MJ) Intox...
    • Recent Use
    • Tachycardia (Increased Heart Rate)
  12. Psychological symptoms of MJ use w/in 2 hrs. of use...
    • Euphoria
    • Apathy
    • Senses SEEM to intensify
    • Time SEEMS to slow down (5min.=1hr.)
  13. Physical symptoms of MJ use w/in 2hrs. of use...
    • Conjunctival Injection (Eyes Sink In)
    • Dry Mouth
    • Increased Hunger
  14. Abnormal behavioral effects of MJ use
    • Excessive anxiety
    • Paranoia
    • Impaired Judgement
    • Interference with social or occupational functioning
  15. Pattern of pathological alcohol abuse...
    • Need daily for adequate functioning
    • Inability to quit
    • Repeated attempts to "go on the wagon"
    • Blackouts
    • Occasional consumption of a fifth
    • Binges (Remain intox. for at east 2 days)
    • Continues to drink despite a serious physical disorder that makes their condition worse
  16. Impairment in social or occupational functioning...
    • Violence while intox.
    • Absence from work
    • Loss of job
    • Legal difficulties
  17. Reefer Madness...
    • Aslinger-Congressman
    • Job -seek out drugs
    • Found-MJ, Coke, Heroin (all thought to be narcs)
    • Educated the public through media
    • Lacatta-teen who axed family to death while high on MJ
    • Congress made Reefer Madness
    • MJ Tax Act passed in 1937 making MJ illegal
    • Aslinger was so powerful because NORML did not exist
  18. In adolescent treatment programs...
    • 60% had 1 parent that was chemically dependent
    • one CD parent, 4 times greater chance of becoming dependent themselves
    • both CD parents, chances are 35 times greater
  19. True and False Questions on test...
    • serotonin is produces by large amounts of refined carbs making us feel loved, secure, and satisfied
    • Alcohol stays in system 3x longer in pregnant vs. non-pregnant due to hormonal changes
    • 1 of 5 anorexics left untreates because problem is not diagnosed
    • average age of experimentation is 11.3 years
    • 40 to 90% of child abuse cases, alcohol plays a part
    • Drugs are cross addictive
    • In '82, Gallup showed 1 in 3 families reported drinking problems
    • 2 of 3 teens who commit suicide had at least 1 CD parent
    • Jap., Chinese, and Koreans don't have increased tolerance. Need little to get high
    • 28 mil kids had alcoholic parent(s) in '76
    • 1 in 4 young people living in alcoholic home
  20. Pack a Day smoker inhales...
    75, 000 times a year
  21. Relapse rate...
    • greater than 50% in first 6 months
    • greater than 70% w/in first 12 months
  22. There are more____smokers in the US
  23. 50% who want to give up smoking______.
    are unable to
  24. Tobacco Dependence
    continues to use tobacco despite a serious physical disorder that he/she knows increases the seriousness of the disorder.
Card Set
Substance Use Unit
Study Guide for this unit