1. Dumping Syndrome
    A condition characterized by weakness, dizziness, flushing, nausea, and palpitation immediately or shortly after eating and produced by abnormally rapid emptying of the stomach, especially in individuals who have had part of the stomach removed.
  2. Oxidative Stress
    A condition that occurs when cells are exposed to more oxidizing molecules (such as free radicals) than to antioxidant molecules that neutralize them and help repair cell damage.  Over time, oxidative stress causes damage to lipids, DNA, cells, and tissues.
  3. Endothelium
    The layer of cells lining the inside of blood vessels.
  4. Prostacyclin
    A potent inhibitor of platelet aggregation and a powerful vasodilator and blood pressure reducer derived from n-3 fatty acids.
  5. Thromboxane
    The parent of a group of thromboxanes derived from the n-6 fatty acid arachidonic acid.  Thromboxane increases platelet aggregation and constricts blood vessels, causing blood pressure to increase.
  6. Gestational Diabetes
    Carbohydrate intolerance with onset of, or first recognition in, pregnancy.
  7. Hemoglobin A1c
    A form of hemoglobin used to identify blood glucose levels over the lifetime of a red blood cell (120 days).  Glucose molecules in blood will attach to hemoglobin (and stay attached).  The amount of glucose that attaches to hemoglobin is proportional to levels of glucose in the blood.  The normal range of hemoglobin A1c is 4 to 5.9%.

    Also called glycosylated hemoglobin and glycated hemoglobin.
  8. Congenital Anomalies
    Structural, functional, or metabolic abnormalities present at birth.

    Also called congenital abnormalities.
  9. Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART)
    An umbrella term for fertility treatments such as in vitro fertilization (IVF, a technique in which egg cells are fertilized by sperm outside the woman's body), artificial insemination, and hormone treatments.
  10. Philtrum
    The vertical groove between the bottom of the nose and the upper lip.  The philtrum is smooth, or flat, when there is no groove.
  11. Vermillion Border
    The exposed pink or reddish margin of a lip.  A thin vermillion border in FAS denotes a thin upper lip
  12. FAS
    Fetal Alcohol Spectrum: used to describe the range of effects of fetal alcohol exposure on mental development and physical growth.
  13. Palpebral Fissure
    The space between the top and bottom eyelid when the eye is open.  This opening is small in children with FAS.
Card Set
Nutrition During Pregnancy Conditions and Interventions