Government Test 4

  1. The Constitution states that the minimum-age requirement for the presidency is ... years.
  2. Who was the youngest person to be elected President of the United States?
    John F Kennedy
  3. To be elected president, one must receive..
    a mojority of the electoral vote.
  4. If the Electoral College fails to give any presidential candidate a majority, the election of the president is determined by..
    the House.
  5. .... is NOT one of the president's five constitutional roles.
    Chief tax appropriator
  6. The president, in his capacity as head of state, is responsivle for....
    engaging in activities that are largely symbolic or ceremonial in nature.
  7. The number of political appointments are available to the president...
    is limited to cabinate and subcabinate jobs, federal judgeships, agency heads, and about two thousand lesser jobs.
  8. As chief diplomat, the president...
    recongizes foreign governments, negotiates treaties, and makes executive agreements.
  9. The role of the president in recommending to Congress necessary and expedient legislation is ...
    chief legislator
  10. The State of the Union message is
    required by the Constitution and gives a broad view of what the president wishes the legislatore to accomplish during the session.
  11. Bureaucracy is the name given to...
    a large organization structured hierarchically, that carries out specific functions.
  12. One of the important differences between public bureaucracies and private corporations is that government bureaucracies...
    are not organzied to make a profit, while private corporations are.
  13. Most American law is based on..
    the English legal system.
  14. The body of judge-made law is known as...
    common law.
  15. Federal courts have jurisdiction
    • both a and b
    • when there is a federal question in the case.
    • when there is diversity of citizenship in the case
  16. Diversity of citizenship exist when..
    the parties to the lawsuit are from different states
  17. Jurisdiction and standing to sue are
    basic judicial requirements.
  18. A brief filed by a third padrty who is not directly involved in the litigation but who has an interest in the outcome of a case is called
    an amicus curiae brief.
  19. The U.S. district courts are..
    trial courts.
  20. Each state...
    has at least one federal district court.
  21. A writ of cetiorari by the Supreme court orders...
    a lower court to send it the record of a case for review
  22. Most petitions for writs of certiorari to the Supreme Court are..
  23. A procedure used by the Supreme Court to determine which cases it will hear is called ...
    the rule of four.
  24. The opinion of a court
    states the decision reached in a case and details the reasoning on which the ruling was based.
  25. If a case ir remanded, it
    is sent back to the ourt that originally heard the case.
  26. A court opinion reflecting the wiews of most of the judges is called a ... opinion.
  27. The power of the courts to determine whether a law or action by  the other branches of government is constitutional is called...
    judicial review
  28. If Congress disagrees with a decision of the Supreme Court concerning the interpretation of the U.S. constitution it can
  29. The Supreme Court can review a state supremen court decision
    only if a federal question is involved.
  30. The doctrine that holds that the Supreme Court should defer to the decision made by the elected representatives of the people is known as judicial...
  31. The policymaking process includes all of the following Except...
    policy adjustment.
  32. Agenda building is...
    the process of making Congress aware that an issue requires congressional action.
  33. Policy formulation is...
    the dicussion of proposals by governmental officials and the public
  34. Since 1965, spending on health care in the United States as a percentage of national income has...
    more than doubled.
  35. a joint federal-state prograqm designed to subsidize health care costs for the poor.
  36. A plan under which the government provides basic health insurance for all citizens is
    national health insurance.
  37. The U.S. imports about ... of the oil it consumes.
    three fifths.
  38. ... are two major oil-producing nations openly hostile to the U.S.
    Iran and Venezuela
  39. Global warming...
    is caused by emissions of carbod dioxide.
  40. Recessions...
    take place when the economy suffers a severe slowdown
  41. Diplomacy is ...
    the settling of disputes and conflicts among nations by peaceful means.
  42. Assistance to other nations in the form of grants, loans or credits on the assisting nation's products is called...
    economic aid.
  43. The sending of experts with technical skills to aid other nations is called
    technical assistance.
  44. Moral idealism is a philosophy that ...
    sees nations as normally willing to cooperate and agree on moral standards for conduct.
  45. Saddam Hussein's annexation of Kuwait in 1990...
    was the most clear-cut case of aggression against an independent state in half a century.
  46. George W. Bush was unable to convince ... that military action was necessary so the U.S. took the initiative on its own to begin the second Gulf War, or Iraq War, in 2003
    the United Nations
  47. In February 2009, President Barack Obama announced...
    All the U.S. troops woul leave Iraq by the end of 2011.
  48. All ot the following nations are known to posses nuclear weapons capabilities except..
  49. During the early 2000, AIDS spread throughout ..., infecting millions of adults, leaving orphaned children and devastating the economies of numerous nations.
    southern Africa.
  50. The State Department is
    the executive agency that has primary authority overn foreign affairs.
  51. Members of United States Supreme Court.
    • Chief justice John Robers
    • Samuel Alito
    • Stephen Breyer
    • Ruth Bader Ginsburg
    • Elena Kagan
    • Anthony Kennedy
    • Antonin Scalia
    • Sonia Sotomayor
    • Clarence Thomas
  52. Process to become Supreme Court Justice
    • President nominates
    • The candidates background is investegated and the Senate judiciary Committee conducts hearings on the candidate
    • Senate votes to confirm or reject nomination
  53. Three Roles of President
    • Head of State-ceremonial head of the government
    • Commander and chief- supreme commander of military forces
    • only one who can order military attack
    • Chief Diplomate-recognizing foreign govenments
    • Chief Legislator-influencing the making of laws-getting passed,veto,
Card Set
Government Test 4
ch 10-14