AP Human Geography for Monsignor Edward Pace

  1. one of the two major divisions of geography. It is the spatial analysis of human pouplation, its cultures, its activities, and landscapes.
    Human Geography
  2. the expansion of economic, political, and cultrual processes to the point that they become global in scale and impact
  3. any event that is observable
  4. study of the physcial phnomena of the earth
    physcial geography
  5. refers to the area of apce on the earth
    spatial (geographic)
  6. physcial location of geographic phenomenon across space e.g. Look at all of the Burger Kings in Miami
    spatial distribution
  7. the resluting theme of a spatial distribution map. e.g. All the Burger Kings that are located on major streets.
  8. mapping the distribution of disease by location
    medical geography
  9. world wide outbreak of disease
  10. regional outbreak of disease
  11. observing variation in geographic phenomenon across space
    spatial perspective
  12. List the five themes of geography
    • a. LOCATION: how and why geographical position affects people adn things.
    • b. HUMAN ENVIROMENT INTERACTION: the relationship between humans amd the physical world or any other phenomena
    • C. REGION: an area on the earths surface marked by common pheomena.
    • D. PLACE: a unique location
    • E. MOVEMENT: the mobility of goods, people, and ideas across the surface of the plannet
  13. interaction between different spatial areas
    spatial interaction
  14. measure of physcial space
  15. degree of ease with which it is possible to access one location from another ( how hard it is to get from one place to another)
  16. the degree of linkage between two spaces via transportation
  17. the material character of a plate, the complex of natural features human structures and other tangible objects that give a place a tangeable form
  18. the impact of human activity on a landscape (think of buliding a bridge)
    cultural landscape
  19. the imprint of various generations on the landscape (how each generation affects the landscape)
    sequent occupance
  20. art and science of making maps
  21. show the location of places and geographic figures
    reference maps
  22. mapes that tell stories typically showing the degree of some attribute of the movement of a geographic phenomeon
    thematic maps
  23. locations determined by a frame of reference
    absolute location
  24. satellite system for absolute location
    global positioning system
  25. a treasure hunt game played by people using the GPS system
  26. describes a place in relation to humam or physcial features
    relative location
  27. map you have in your mind (giving someone directions invloves this)
    mental map
  28. places were we go in our daily life (e.g. PACE or your house)
    activity space
  29. sensing data by satellite balloon or aircraft
    remote sensing
  30. stored data from GPS and other sources allowing geographers to compare a vareity of data
    Geograpic information systems
  31. invlovment of playes at other scales to generate support for a position or intiative e.g. going on the web for support
  32. region defined by physical and/or cultural traits
    formal regions
  33. a region defined by a series of activities or interactions that occur within it
    functional region
  34. regions that exsit primaily in the mind of the individual. e.g. american culture means different things to different people
    perceptual region
  35. socially transmitted patterns of actions and expressions that include material objects (dwellings clothing tools, etc.) adn non-material things (belifs, languages, etc.)
  36. a single attribute of a culture
    culture trait
  37. a related set of culture traits
    culture complex
  38. an area where cultural traits devlop and from where the defuse
    cultural hearth
  39. traits that exist in other cultures but devloped independantly from each other
    independant invention
  40. the process by which an idea or innovation is spread from it cultural hearth to other places
    cultural diffusion
  41. the theory that the further ( both in time adn space) an idea travels from its point of origin, the less likely it is to be adopted by a new culture
    time-distance decay
  42. current ideas or attitudes that ender new ideas unacceptable or unadoptable e.g. eating pork is forbiddenin Muslim countries and this is not likely to change.
    cultrual barrier
  43. an idea or innovation remains strong at its cultrual hearth while still expanding outward
    expansion diffsion
  44. spread of an idea or innovation which affects all neighboring areas
    contaigous diffusion
  45. spread of an idea or innovation through specific individuals e.g. Harry Potter and Twlight series not everyone likes them yet they have spread world wide
    hierarchical diffusion
  46. a cultural adaptation occurs because of the introduction of as a cultural trait e.g. Japanese Anime
    stimulus diffusion
  47. spread of an idea that the natural environment has a controling influence over varrious aspects of human life including culturalĀ  devleopment
    relocation diffusion
  48. ways of seeing the world spatially that are used by geographers in answering questions
    geographic concept
  49. the idea that the natural environment has a controlling influence over various aspects of human life, including cultrual devlopment.
    environmental determinism
  50. lines connecting points of equal temperature values
  51. human decision making is the crucial factor in clutural development. often seen in contrarst to environmental determinism
  52. study of culture as a sysrtem of adaptation to environment
    cultural ecology
  53. study of the environmental consequence of dominatge political-economis arragements and understanding.
    political ecology
Card Set
AP Human Geography for Monsignor Edward Pace
these are the words that we all must know by the second class