Test 4 review

  1. Wages of Separation
    What is the chief question that fueled the following issues?
    Can the federal govt prohibit slavery in the territories?
  2. Compromise of 1850
    Identify the final planks in the Compromise of 1850
    • CA- free state
    • NM- territory- slavery
    • UT-Territory
    • TX-> $10M to scale back boarders
    • federal $ to capture runaway slaves
    • slave auctions end in D.C.
  3. Compromise of 1850
    What decision was reached of the Nashville Convention as recorded in the Georgia Platform?
    • Southern Congressmen
    • want to stop compromising on the issue of slavery
  4. Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854
    In the Kansas-Nebraska Act, what is "popular sovereighty"?
    let the people vote in each state on slavery
  5. Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854
    • another convention is held here
    • Free state is the winner
    • 2 of everything
    • 1861 kansas is admitted
  6. Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854
    Lecompton ,Kansas
    • first state under the Kansas-Nebraska Act,
    •   vote for free state or slave state
    • slave state won only
    • 5,000 illegal voters from Missouri told by David Actchenson
  7. Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854
    Pottawatomie Massacre
    • John Brown
    • Abolitionist turn violent
    • took 5 pro-slavery household, taken to creek, remains left on side of river
    • attacking slave owners
  8. Sumner-Brooks Affair 1855
    Identify the Sumner-Brooks Affair and the results
    • Charles Sumner
    • blaming each other for the violence breaking out
    • gave speech compared that slavery is to dating a skank (harlet)
    • Preston Brooks attacks him with a hickory cane, didn't return to his chair for 3 yrs, congress gets little accomplished due to the arming of each other
  9. Election of 1856
    Identify the message the Democrats discerned from the results of the election of 1856
    they were loosing power in the North, Deomcrats headed South to support slavery
  10. Dred-Scott Decision 1857 (slave)
    What was Scott's argument in regards to his continued bondage?
    • his owner took him to Minnesota/ Wisconsin
    • Wis.-NW ordinance of 1787
    • Minnesota- Missouri compromise 1820
    • sues-because in areas where slavery is prohibited
  11. Dred-Scott Decision 1857
    Identify the decisions of Chief Justice Roger Taney in the Dred Scott case and the impact of the Court's ruling?
    • 1. citizenship is granted by: state THEN nation (he is property)
    • 2. No blacks could ever be US citizens
    • 3. 36-30 is unconstitutional (because it deprives people of property) (take your horse = cant take slave)
    • -opens all areas to slavery
  12. John Brown and Harper's Ferry 1859
    What were the events of Harper's Ferry?
    • stage an attack, place where they make weapons
    • seize weapons,distribute to slaves (up rising break out)
    • Oct 16 ,the people faught back, he can't escape
    • the army shows up  Robert E Lee
  13. Election of 1860
    What is the Freepoint Doctrine and what was its effect on the Democratic Party?
    • Can the federal govt prohibit slavery in territories?
    • Splits the Democratic Party
    • S.Douglas-yes
    • J.Breckenbridge-NO
  14. Election of 1860
    What were Lincoln's advantages in this election?
    • Had not held office since 48', so he has no voting record
    • -private citizen each time
  15. 1860
    What problems existed with the Union Army in 1861?
  16. 1860
    How did Lincoln handle the Border States?
    • all slave states
    • Kentucky-proclaimed neutral
    • Missouri-occupied by Union Army
    • Delware-no secession movement (slavestates that havent seceded)
    • Maryland- Lincoln threat to arrest state leg if they secede
  17. 1860
    What other decisions did Lincoln make in the first month of his presidency?
    • 1. Suspension of Habeas Corpus
    • 2."an insurrection/rebellion" has broken out beyond the ability of local police to solve (never a war to Lincoln)
    • 3. orders blockade of Southern Coast
  18. 1860
    What were the overall strategies of the Union?
    • Union-Anaconda Plan                             
    • blockade Southern Coast
    • Seize MS and TN rivers
    • cut and squeeze
  19. 1860
    What were the overall strategies of the Confederacy?
    • Confederacy-defensive              
    • Keep Union out                              
    • bleed union                                      
    • gain recognition from BR and FR
  20. 1860
    Jefferson Davis
  21. 1860
    Fort Sumter
    • Union had it- Confederacy wanted it
    • South Carolina
    • 16k -40% quit to join Confederacy
    • -no maps of the south
    • 40 ships Navy
    • April 12,1861 Confederates fire onto it
  22. Military 1861-62
    What was the impact of the First Bull Run?
    • confederate victory
    • retreated back to D.C.
    • broker the idea that it was gonna be a quick war
  23. Military 1861-62
    What contributions to naval warfare did the Confederacy contribute?
    • the first submarine- H.L. Hunley, no torpeedos, only able to leave mines next to other ships
    • iron clads
  24. Military 1861-62
    What was the most significant event in the naval war between the Union and the Confederacy?
    • two iron clads
    • CSA "merrimac"___X____ Union "monitor"  draw
    • march 8, 1862
    • -no more wooden ships
  25. Military 1861-62
    What was Robert E. Lee's purpose in invading Maryland?
    • Sep
    • liberate from Union control
    • impress FR and BR to say CSA can fight
  26. Military 1861-62
    What were General George McClellan's shortcommings as a field general?
    • pefection- looking for perfect moment
    • over estimates enemy strength 40K vs 60K troops
    • afraid of Lee and Stonewall Jackson
  27. Military 1861-62
    Why did Lincoln fire McClellan after Antietam?
    • refusal to obey a direct order from president
    • case of the slows
    • inability to press
    • if he would have sent in the troops on time
  28. Emancipation
    What did the Crittendon Resolution proclaim?
    • War is being fought to preserve the Union,
    • not to end slavery.
  29. Emancipation
    What were the provisions of the First Confiscation Act?
    • Any property being used to aid the Rebellion
    • can be seized
    • Example: slaves growing crops helps the
    • Rebellion
    • Loophole: quit fighting and the South can
    • keep its slaves.
  30. Emancipation
    What were the provisions of the Second Confiscation Act?
    • All rebel property, regardless of its use,
    • can be seized.
    • Loophole: quit fighting and keep the slaves.
  31. Emancipation
    Identify the provisions of the Emancipation Proclamation
    • Issued September 22, 1862-five days after Antietam
    • All persons engaged in Rebellion as of January 1, 1863 will have their slaves freed.  This justified emancipation for military reasons.
    • Loophole: if the South quits, they can keep their slaves.
  32. Emancipation
    Horace Greeley
    • Owner and editor of New York Tribune
    • Editorial-”Prayer of 20 Million” urging
    • immediate emancipation.
  33. Emancipation
    "Prayer of 20 million"
    • Horace Greeley
    • editorial urging immediate emancipation slaves
    • Lincoln is moving too slow
  34. Financing the war
    What options were open to the Confederacy to pay for the war and why did they fail?
    • bonds 15M
    • Taxes wasnt enforced that much
    • printing money 1861: 120M , 1862: 400M
    • inflation caused by Confederacy
  35. Financing the war
    What options were open to the Confederacy to pay for the war and why did they fail?
    • Tax collection was strict
    • bonds 1.5B
    • Legal Tender Act of 1862 print 447M
    • they had CA gold
  36. Financing the war
    Why did the Union attempt to fix the national banking system?
    • they wanted restore trust in banks
    • cash in the war bonds
  37. Financing the war
    Legal Tender Act of 1862
    Congress turned on the printing press, authorized govt to print 447M
  38. War issues and politics in 1863
    What is a copperhead?
    • a person who is against Lincoln,
    • lives in the Union
    • most times D
  39. War issues and politics in 1863
    How did the Union draft work?
    • each state assigned a quota, state tries to reach quota with volunteers,
    • failed to reach quota then draft
  40. War issues and politics in 1863
    What were some of the ways a man could legally avoid serving?
    • hire substitute
    • pay $300 fee/ each time
  41. War issues and politics in 1863
    Did the draft place an unfair amount of fighting the war on the poor?
    • yes poor people and forcing them into the army
    • fighting to free slaves
  42. War issues and politics in 1863
    From what occupation did most of the two armies' men come from?
    farm and farm labor
  43. War issues and politics in 1863
    Why did riots break out in New York City in 1863
    billboard had list of dead next to the list of the draftees
  44. War issues and politics in 1863
    Why was the CSA draft even less popular that the one in the Union?
    • the confederacy said you are exempt if you own 20 more slaves aka Planters
    • states troops weren't allowed to leave the states
  45. War issues and politics in 1863
    Why did CSA's emphasis on states' rights do more harm than good?
  46. War issues and Politics in 1863
    Identify King Cotton Diplomacy
    • An attempt to force Britain or France to recognize the Confederacy as a nation
    • Create an artificial cotton shortage
    • Leads to higher unemployment in Britain & France
    • Unemployment leads to an increase in social problems such crime, prostitution, etc.
    • These problems will force Britain and France to recognize the Confederacy and thus resume cotton shipments
  47. War issues and politics in 1863
    Why did King Cotton Diplomacy fail?
    • Egyptian cotton was abundant
    • European crop failures forced Europe to import Yankee wheat
    • British and French working classes willing to suffer if it meant the end of slavery in the United States.
  48. 1863
    Why did Lee invade Pennsylvania?
  49. 1863
    What mistake led to Army of Northern Virginia's defeat at Gettysburg?
    Pickett's charge- really really flat land,exposed land, nothing to hide behind
  50. 1863
    How is Union victory achieved at Vicksburg?
    Grant has 5 little wars go off at once, Lee wasnt able to move troops along like he did in the other war
  51. 1863
    Ulysses S. Grant
    The Union general in the Western area of the Vicksburg
  52. 1864
    In Grant's opinion, why had the Union failed to make significant headway against Lee's Army of Northern Virginia?
  53. 1864
    What did Grant do differently than his predecessors after losing to Lee in the Wilderness?
    Grant doesnt retreat
  54. 1864
    Why was it dangerous to allow the Virginia theater of war to stalemate into a siege?
  55. 1864
    Why was Sherman delighted to face off against John Bell Hood?
    Hood is temporarily unsuited to command
  56. 1864
    What points were working against Lincoln going into the 1864 presidential election?
  57. 1864
    What was unique about this election?
  58. 1864
    Victory at Atlanta gave what to Lincoln? Why?
  59. 1864
    What was Sherman's Christmas present to Lincoln in 1864?
    City of Savannah, Georgia
  60. 1864
    Sherman's March to the Sea
    • 1.Sherman can cut his supply line and move his army faster.
    • 2.Taking supplies from civilians inflicts terror on the civilian population.  Union Army burns what they cannot consume
  61. Military 1865
    • Lee needs to escape to this area
    • being hounded by Union which is following him
    • no food, just records of the Union
  62. Military 1865
    What final orders from Jefferson Davis did Lee refuse to carry out?
    • if the situation was ever hopeless,( take to the moutains,)
    • Lee should break up his army and create Gorilla warfare (breaking up his army)
  63. Military 1865
    What were the terms of surrender Grant offered to Lee?
    • surrender artillery, (keep own weapons)
    • keep personal animals (donkey, horse,ox)
    • paroled and sent home(as long as they dont rise up they will be ok)
  64. Reconstruction
    What is the second type of Reconstruction? What is involved in it?
    • 2-Economic Reconstruction
    • North and West-experienced an economic boom that did not end until 1929 and was fueled by
    • gold
    • demographic changes-14M immigrants will come to US 1865-1890 most of the settle in North
    • Manufacturing stimulated by the war, finds expanding markets through the immigrants and new products (soap, shoes)
  65. What is the Second type of Reconstruction? What is involved in it? part B
    • 2-Economic Reconstruction part B
    • South
    • Everything of value-land and slaves is gone
    • b4 war 75% of the rural South owned the land they farmed
    • after those same people dont own the land they farm
    • in certain states, remained uncompleted until after WWII
  66. Reconstruction
    What is the third type of Reconstruction? What is involved in it?
    • 3-Social reconstruction
    • The accommodation of former slaves into a free status and the process of defining their roles in society. Some argue that this aspect of Reconstruction is incomplete
  67. Reconstruction
    What are the first type of Reconstruction? What is involved in it?
    • 1-Political Reconstruction
    • A. the individual state is once again represented in Congress. Texas was the last state readmitted to the Union in the summer of 1870
    • During reconstruction, white Southerns are not US citizens so three classes of people will dominate the political vacuum in the former Confederate states: Carpetbaggers, Scalawags, Free Blacks
  68. Reconstruction
    What are the first type of Reconstruction? What is involved in it? part B
    redemption- Occurs when local whites in a state take back control of the local state government
  69. Reconstruction
    What are the provisions of the Licoln Plan?Why is it unworkable?
    • also known as the 10% plan 1863,
    • 10% of the people in a particular state who voted in 1860 must take a future loyalty oath, and then they can elect delegates for a state constitutional convention and submit the new constitution to Congress. NO reparations or apologies are necessary
    • purpose: to show the South how easy it would be to come back to the Union
  70. Reconstruction
    What are the provisions of the Wade-Davis Bill? Why was it unworkable?
    • 1864  50% of the white males in a new census must sign a retroactive and future loyalty oath before a state constitutional convention can form
    • problem: anybody who soldiered, paid taxes, used confederate money, sold crops to the confederacy or gave any sign of allegiance to the Confederacy could not sign
  71. Reconstruction
    Be familiar with the wide range of attitudes about Reconstruction among Democrats and Republicans.
  72. Reconstruction
    Where did Andrew Johnson originally stand and why did he begin to shift his opinions?
    1865 Radial Rep., he shifted do to racism, inability to compromise
  73. Reconstruction
    What did Republicans insist on that President Johnson could not abide?
  74. Reconstruction
    What were the two main theories about the former Confederate states relation to the Union?
    • 1 states never really left- president set terms
    • 2 states had commit suicide- congress would decide when the states are going to return
  75. Reconstruction
    How would those differences affect Reconstruction?
  76. Reconstruction
    What reasons did Andrew Johnson break with the Republican Party?
    • blk voting/ citizenship
    • racism
    • inability to compromise
  77. Reconstruction
    What are the provisions of the Johnson Plan?
    • literate blacks be allowed to vote for the state constitution delegated
    • all the confederate states used this plan but created blackcodes
  78. Reconstruction
    What mistakes did the South make in trying the plan?
  79. Reconstruction
    What was Johnson's main point in his growing battles with Congress during Reconstruction?
  80. Reconstruction
    What are the provisions of the 14th Amendment? What happened?
    • all a former Confederate state had to do was ratify the amendment to be readmitted into the Union
    • 3 Sections:
    • -people born in the US or naturalized are citizens of the US first and their state second
    • -if a state denies suffrage to any male citizen, then its representatives will be denied their vote in Congress
    • -Invalidated the Confederate was debt, which denied the Confederacy's existence, TN was the only state to ratify it, amendment ratified in 1868
  81. Reconstruction
    What are the provisions of the Reconstruction Acts?
    The ten remaining states were divided into 5 military districts and occupied by the Union Army whose purpose was to register voters (more blacks were registered then whites) The states then went through the process of writing and voting a new constitution to send off to Congress
  82. Reconstruction
    "narrow view" of impeachment
    impeached for crimes a normal person
  83. Reconstruction
    "broad view" of impeachment
    he is using his power to the point of abuse
  84. Reconstruction
    Identify the provisions of the Compromise of 1877
  85. Reconstruction
    What are the three ways blacks were kept from voting after Reconstruction ended?
    • poll taxes
    • literacy exams
    • grandfather laws- have to prove your gpa voted in 1860 (cant happen for blks)
  86. Reconstruction
    What was the single greastest failure of Reconstruction and what were the short and long ramifications?
  87. Reconstruction
    13th Amedment to the Constitution
    outlwas slavery
  88. Reconstruction
    14th Amedment to the Constitution
    all a former confederate state had to do was ratify the amendment to be readmitted into the Union
  89. Reconstruction
    15th Amedment to the Constitution
    • last one for almost 50yrs
    • cannot deny a person to vote based on race, color, or previous condition (slavery)
  90. Reconstruction
    Northerners who moved to the South to take advantage of the political and economic vacuum
  91. Reconstruction
    Southerners who got little crumbs of power from the Carpetbaggers
  92. Reconstruction
    "swing around the circle"
    • nov 1866 mid term elections Johnson goes out and gives speeches, got into screaming matches, trading insults,
    • didnt look presidential
  93. Reconstruction
    Occurs when local whites in a state take back control of the local state government
  94. Reconstruction
    General Amnesty Act
    • restored US citizenship to all former confederates EXCEPT Robert E. Lee and
    • us citizenship
    • run for office
    • vote
  95. Reconstruction
    black codes
    Under the black codes from the Johnson Plan, blacks would be unable to sue whites or give testimony against them
Card Set
Test 4 review
History 1301 Test 4 review