The Cells of Cellular immunity

  1. What are the three types of granulocytes
    • 1. Neutrophils
    • 2. Eosinophils
    • 3. Basophils
  2. What are the mononuclear phagocytes
    • 1. Monocytes
    • 2. Macrophages
    • 3. Dendritic cells
  3. What is the last type Luekocyte which has several types
  4. What are other names for neutrophils
    polymorphnuclear neutrophillic leukocyte, PMNs, or polys
  5. What percentage of leukocyte do neutrophils make up?
  6. Location of neutrophils in the body
    account for most of the circulating leukocytes; few in tissues except during inflammation
  7. percentage of Eosinophils
  8. percentage of Basophils,
  9. Another form of basophils
    mast cells
  10. location of Eosinophils in the body
    few in tissues except in certain types of inflammation and allergies
  11. function of neutrophils
    phagocytize and digest engulfed materials
  12. function of Eosinophils
    participate in inflammatory reaction and immunity to some parasites
  13. location of basophils in the body
    Basophils in circulation; mast cells present in most tissues
  14. Function of basophils
    release histamine and other inflammation inducing chemicals from the granules
  15. percentage of monocytes 
  16. location of monocytes in the body
    in circulation; they differentiate into either macrophages or dendritic cells when they migrate into tissue
  17. function of monocytes
    phagocytize and digest englufed materials
  18. Location of macrophages in the body
    present in vitually all tissues; given various names based on the tissue in which they are found.
  19. function of the macrophage
    phagocytize and digest engulfed materials
  20. location of dendritic cells
    initally in tissues, but they migrate to secondary lymphoid organs (such as lymph nodes, spleen, thymus, appendix, tonsils
  21. function of dendritic cells
    gather antigen from the tissues and then bring it to lymphocytes that congregate in the secondary lymphoid organs
  22. percentage of lymphocytes?
  23. location of lymphocytes in the body
    in lymphoid orgnace (such as lymph nodes, spleen thymus, appendix, tonsils); also in circulation
  24. Function of lymphocyte
    participate in adaptive immune responses
  25. these turn red and are acidic in nature
  26. important in asthma and atopy (prone to hay fever and asthma)
  27. responsible for arthrus reaction
  28. multilobulor and release chemotatic factors
  29. these are also antigen presenting cells (APC). They sense fluids in body and find foreign material and expose the antigen and cause attacks
  30. these cells are very few in number but very efficient in iling
    natural killer cells
  31. What are the two main types of lymphocytes
    • 1. T-cells
    • 2. B-cells
  32. this type of lymphocyte is responsible for humoral immunity. When activated by an antigen it becomes a plasma cell which makes antibodies
  33. this type of lymphocyte is responsible for cellular immunity. Gains Thymetic marker in the thymus
  34. Which type of lymphocyte does HIV attack
    b-helper cells
  35. these degranulate during anaphylaxis
    mast cells
  36. this is the first kindof cell that can become any kind of cell
    Pluripotent cell
  37. carry oxygen 
    Red Blood Cells (Erythrocytes)
  38. not true cells. Flakes off megakaryotes. Important for clotting
  39. what is the undifferentiated form of granulocyte
  40. which cells can undergo diapedisis (sneak between tissues and get out of blood system and into tissues)
  41. How is most CO2 carried
    in H2CO2 and HCO3
  42. What law is O2 saturation dependent on
    Bohr effect (pH and temperature dependent)
Card Set
The Cells of Cellular immunity
WBC, RBC and plasma