Drugs and Marajuana Exam 2

  1. John Walters
    drug czar in 2002 under bush admin; supported the idea that marajuana was agateway drug; focused on marajuana including medical rather than more harmful drugs
  2. Don Berna
    paramilitary commander who ran his drug trade from prison in Columbia
  3. Plan Columbia
    US got involved in Columbian civil war and drugs hoping to stop it from spreading to the US. It was not successful according to the CIA and spent $1/2 trillion
  4. Felix Gallardo
    controlled mexican drug cartels near the border
  5. Vicente Fox
    president in Mexico who tried to turn things around by busting bad cops like the Zetas who joined the drug cartels
  6. Zetas
    former military soldiers join drug cartels
  7. Chen Ye Gon
    Pham exec from China found with $2 million cash in a house and arrested in Mexico
  8. Highpoint, NC actions against drugs
    changed the marketing of drugs by going after demand not supply by getting users treatment or jail if they could not stop.
  9. "El Chappo" (Loera)
    a wanted and rich folkhero in Mexico led relatively stable narco regime
  10. Merida Initiative
    Us sent $1.6 million aid to Mexico to combat drug cartels but it only empowered them
  11. states legalizing medicinal marajuana
  12. Marajuana revenue total in US
    $35.8 billion
  13. Number of people currently in jail for violating marajuana laws
  14. Legal history of marajuana
    • 1619 - Hemp legalized
    • 1930s - criminalized by Anslinger
    • 1960s - decriminalized
    • 1970s - recriminalized
    • 2010 - possibly decriminalized
  15. reefer madness
    gov propaganda showing how marajuana intrudes on white american life
  16. Anslinger
    first gov. drug czar; fueled outlawing (29 states) with anti immigration sentiments
  17. Marajuana Tax Act
    1937 criminalized marajuana possession
  18. "truth drugs"
    1940s US gov. researched used of LSD
  19. shift in focus 1960s
    from strict criminal justice to public health
  20. Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act
    1970; differentiates marajuana and lessened penalties
  21. National Commission on Marajuana and Drug Abuse
    1972; Nixon recommends decriminalizing marajuana but caves to extreme right winger to pursue student radicals, blacks and native americans
  22. A Backyard Barbecue
    parents responded to daughter's bday party where there was marajuana; form social movement organization like Nosy Parents Association; led to recriminalization in the 1970s
  23. shift in focus 1970s
    from public health to moral
  24. Federal Laws: marajuana
    currently illegal; Schedule 1 Controlled Substance
  25. forfeiture statutes
    gov can seize property, money... if involved in drug trade and informants can keep up to 25%
  26. mandatory minimum sentences
    set by congress and decided on by Fed. judge; if someone is caught with a certain amount of drugs, there is a minimum definite penalty they will experience unless they can cut a deal by offering up intelligence like their dealer's information
  27. Sentencing Commission
  28. Anti Drug Abuse Act
    1986 inacted mandatory minimums
  29. Prop 215
    Californian law legalized medical marajuana
  30. Emerald Triangle
    remote area of Northern Calif. including Mendocine, Humboldt, TRinity, where larger growers organized crime and individuals grow nearly 2/3 of the economy
  31. green rush
    rush to california to grow marajuana.
  32. stoner culture
    one of the biggest obstacles in legitimizing medical marajuana
  33. El Chappo's "golden kilogram"
    refers to El Chappos paying off police to get out of jail
  34. Gil Kerlikowske
    current US drug czar
Card Set
Drugs and Marajuana Exam 2
Contemporary social problems