Test 3 review

  1. analogy
    Extended comparison that can be used as supporting maaterial in a speech
  2. anecdote
    a brief personal story used to illustrate or support a point in a speech
  3. citation
    brief statement of supporting material in a speech
  4. narration
    Presentation of speech supporting material as a story with a beginning, middle, end
  5. cause-effect-pattern
    Organizing plan for a speech that demonstrates how one or more events result in another event or events
  6. transition
    Phrase that connects idea in a speech by showing how one relates to the other
  7. time pattern
    Organizing plan for a speech based on chronology
  8. space pattern
    Organizing plan in a speech that arranges points according to their physical location
  9. audience analysis
    a consideration of characteristics including type, goals, demographics, beliefs, attitudes, and value of listeners
  10. belief
    An underlying conviction about the truth of an idea, often based on cultural training
  11. attitude
    predisposition to respond to an idea, person, or thing favorably or unfavorably
  12. value
    a deeply rooted belief about a concept's inherent worth
  13. survey research
    Information gathering in which the responses of a sample of a population are collected to disclose information about the larger group
  14. manuscript speech
    a speech that is read word for word from a prepared text
  15. memorized speech
    a speech learned and delivered by rote without a written text
  16. impromptu speech
    a speech given "off the top of one's head" without preparation
  17. extemporaneous speech
    a speech that is planned in advance but presented in a direct, conversational manner
  18. demographics
    audience characteristics that can be annlyzed statistically such as age, gender, education, and group membership
  19. thesis statement
    a complete sentence describing the central idea of a speech
  20. actuate
    to move members of an audience toward a specific behavior
  21. ad hominem fallacy
    Fallacious argument that attacks the integrity of a person to weaken his or her position
  22. argumentum ad populum fallacy
    Fallacious reasoning based on the dubious notion that because many people favor an idea, you should, too
  23. convincing
    a speech goal that aims at changing audience members' beliefs, values, or attitudes
  24. either-or fallacy
    Fallacious reasoning that sets up false alternatives, suggesting that if the inferior one must be rejected, then the other must be accepted
  25. motivated sequence
    a five-step plan used in persuasive speaking also known as "monroe's motivated sequence"
  26. fallacy
    an error in logic
  27. post hoc fallacy
    fallacious reasoning that mistakenly assumes that one event causes another because they occur sequentially
  28. reductio ad absurdum fallacy
    Fallacious reasoning that unfairly attacks an argument by extending it to such extreme lenghts that it looks ridiculous
  29. Charisma
    is spoken about in the popular press an an almost indefinable, mystical quality
  30. character
    involves the audience's perception of at least two ingredients: honesty and impartiality
  31. competence
    the speaker's expertise on the topic
Card Set
Test 3 review
Speech 1301 Test 3 review