# MCAT review (from diagnostic exam).txt

 STP ideal conditionsTemp of OC (273K), Pressure of 1atm1mole occupies a volume of 22.4L Charle's Law V2/V1 = T2/T1 Boyle's Law P1V1/T1 = P2V2/T2 Kinetic energy of gas KE = 3/2 nRT Bernoulli's fluids equation A1v1 = A2v2(area) (velocity) Normality to molarity monoprotic (ie HCl) is equaldiprotic (ie H2SO4), 1N = .5M Tesla units 1T = 1 N * sec/m * C Volt units 1V = 1 J/C Buoyancy force Fb = density(of FLUID) * volume * gravityFb = pvg Rate Law Need to know the slow step (rate determining step)aA + bB --> dDrate = K[A][B] Gibbs free energy equation ^G = ^H - T^S enthalpy measures heat of reaction (^H)this is measured by bond dissociation energy, energy required to break a bondie: ^H value 1st law of thermodynamics ^E (change in internal energy) = Q (heat added TO system) - W (work done BY system)^E = Q (to system) - W (by system) magnification m= - i/oif m is negative, image INVERTEDif m is greater than 1, image is farther than object focal length image and object equation 1/f = 1/i + 1/o SN1 vs SN2 SN1: rxn w/multiple steps & intermediates. produces RACEMIX mixtures. rxn accelerated by PROTIC, Polar solventsSN2: rxn proceeds with 1 step. accelerated by polar, APROTIC solvents chiral molecule characteristic rotates plane polarized light alcohol + heated with ACID double bond form and OH removed, so -ene formed Hemoglobin affinity with fetus vs human fetal Hb affinity is increased: Shift LEFT on curve higher metabolism animals vs human hemoglobin animals Hb affinity lower: Shift RIGHT on curve acidic conditions Hemoglobin affinity vs normal Shift RIGHT on curveDown Right Bohr! Ortho Meta Para groups Ortho & Para directing:-NH2-OH-NHCOR -OR-alkyl -arylhalogensMETA directing:N+(CH3)NO2CF3CNSO3HCHOCORCOOHCOORCONH2 Thin Layer Chromotography (TLC) utilizes a silica gel that is placed in beaker with eluant and through CAPILLARY action, liquid drawn UP the gel with the mixture gel filtration separates based on SIZEsmall proteins go through pores in column and run slower vs the large proteins which run FAST thru Hardy Weinberg Equation p + q = 1p^2 + 2pq + q^2 = 1(AA) + (Aa) + (aa) frequencies Authorrincrocci ID164770 Card SetMCAT review (from diagnostic exam).txt Descriptionmcat review questions Updated2012-08-02T05:35:44Z Show Answers