Music History

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  1. hymn
    song to God
  2. diatonic
    seven note scales usually played on the white keys on the piano
  3. psalms
    poems of praise; Jewish tradition
  4. cantillation
    chanting of sacred text
  5. rite
    each branch of Christianity had one; included church calender, liturgy, plainchant, chant dialects
  6. centonization
    Byzantine tradition; combining standard formulas to make a new melody
  7. Ambrosian chant
    St. Ambrosian of Milan
  8. Gregorian chant
    codification of liturgy and music under Roman leaders; Schola Cantorum 
  9. c: polarity between treble and bass as the two essential lines
  10. C: harmony filled in by improv
  11. C: keys, stability, contrasting moods
  12. French, modern, chic, smooth
    Galant style
  13. Text, calendar, organizational tool
  14. Order of Mass
    • Introit
    • Kyrie
    • Gloria
    • Gradual
    • Alleluia
    • Credo
    • Offertory
    • Sanctus
    • Agnus Dei
    • Communion
    • Ite
  15. Neumes (drawings)
    • Punctum .
    • Virga /
    • Pes ~
    • Falling Pitch "s" shape going down to a .
  16. Modes
    • Dorian
    • Phrygian
    • Lydian
    • Mixolydian
    • Aeolian
    • Ionian
    • Locrian
  17. Southern France
    • Troubadour
    • Occitan
    • Strophic
    • courtly love
  18. Northern France
    • Trouvere
    • Old French
    • Strophic
    • Lydian
    • courtly love
  19. Spain
    • Cantigas
    • Gallician/Gallego
    • Strophic
    • High society
  20. Germanic
    • Minnelied, Meistersingers
    • Middle High German
    • war songs
    • courtly love
  21. British Isles
    • Rota (cannon)
    • Latin, Old English, Occitan
    • polyphony
    • society, celebratory, middle class courtly love
  22. Free Organum (Medieval Polyphony)
    responsorial, oblique from or parallel to the chant, usually above the chant
  23. Discant (Medieval Polyphony)
    when both parts move almost at the same time
  24. florid organum (medieval polyphony)
    lots of moving notes in the upper part
  25. Leonin and Perotin
    organa composers at the Cathedral of Paris with Master of Arts; both help important positions at Notre Dame. Leonin used discant style. 
  26. Early Motet
    more words; notated similar to piano music; tenor set to rhythmic mode; Latin or Old French; two or more voices; two lines of text at once
  27. Petronian Motet
    sometimes no text; instruments play the parts instead; more dense; no score, just parts; lines to line up parts; almost free; 
  28. Franconian Motet
    not really free rhythm; tenor is easier to hear; repeating tenor; upper voice has distintive rhythmic shape
  29. conductus
    Latin; strophic; definite rhythmic mode; homorhythmic with ornamentation; poetic sounding; syllabic; sacred text
  30. Ars Nova
Card Set
Music History
Music History
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