Female Reproductive System

  1. uterus
    womb where the embryo develops
  2. fundus
    upper portion of the uterus
  3. endometrium
    lining of the uterus that is shed during menstruation
  4. myometrium
    muscular wall of the uterus
  5. fallopian tubes
    tubes extending from each side of the uterus toward the ovary that provide a passage for ova to the uterus
  6. adnexa
    uterine tubes and ovaries
  7. right/left uterine appendage
    right and left tube and ovary
  8. ovary
    one of two glands located on each side of the pelvic cavity that produce ova and female sex hormones
  9. cervix
    neck of the uterus
  10. cervical os
    opening of the cervix to the uterus
  11. vulva
    external genitalia of the female
  12. labia
    folds of tissue on either side of the vaginal opening
  13. introitus
    entrance to the vagina
  14. Bartholin glands
    two glands that secrete lubricant during intercourse
  15. perineum
    region between the vulva and anus
  16. mammary glands
    two glands of the female breasts capable of producing milk
  17. mammary papilla
  18. placenta
    vascular organ that develops in the uterine wall during pregnancy that provides nourishment for the fetus
  19. amnion
    innermost of the membranes surrounding the embryo in the uterus filled with amniotic fluid
  20. amniotic fluid
    fluid within the amnion that surrounds the protects the fetus
  21. meconium
    intestinal discharges of the fetus that form the first stools in the newborn
  22. amenorrhea
    absence of menstruation
  23. anovulation
    absence of ovulation
  24. dysmenorrhea
    painful menstruation
  25. dyspareunia
    painful intercourse
  26. leukorrhea
    white or yellow vaginal discharge
  27. menorrhagia
    excessive bleeding at the time of menstruation
  28. metrorrhagia
    bleeding from the uterus at any time other than normal menstruation
  29. oligomenorrhea
    scanty menstrual period
  30. oligo-ovulation
    irregular ovulation
  31. cervicitis
    inflammation of the cervix
  32. congenital anomalies
    birth defects causing abnormal development of female organ or structure
  33. displacement of uterus
    displacement of the uterus from its normal position
  34. endometriosis
    condition characterized by migration of portions of endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity
  35. endometritis
    inflammation of the endometrium
  36. fibroid
    benign tumor in the uterus
  37. cervical neoplasia
    abnormal development of cervical tissue cells
  38. oophoritis
    inflammation of one or both ovaries
  39. parovarian cyst
    cyst of the fallopian tube
  40. pelvic adhesions
    scarring of tissue within the pelvic cavity
  41. pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
    inflammation of organs in the pelvic cavity
  42. pelvic floor relaxation
    relaxation of supportive ligaments of the pelvic organs
  43. cystocele
    pouching of the bladder into the vagina
  44. rectocele
    pouching of the rectum into the vagina
  45. enterocele
    pouching sac of peritoneum between the vagina and rectum
  46. urethrocele
    pouching of the urethra into the vagina
  47. prolapse
    descent of the uterus down the vaginal canal
  48. salpingitis
    inflammation of the fallopian tube
  49. hepatitis B virus (HBV)
    virus that causes an inflammation of the liver
  50. herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2)
    virus that causes ulcer-like lesions of the genital and anorectal skin and mucosa
  51. amastia
    absence of a breast
  52. gynecomastia
    development of mammary glands in the male
  53. hypermastia
    abnormally large breasts
  54. hypomastia
    small breasts
  55. mastitis
    inflammation of the breast
  56. polymastia
    presence of more than two breasts
  57. polythelia
    presence of more than one nipple
  58. colposcopy
    examination of the vagina
  59. hysteroscopy
    use of a hysteroscope to examine the intrauterine cavity
  60. Papanicolaou smear
    study of cells collected from the cervix
  61. hysterosalpingogram
    x-ray of the fallopain tubes
  62. adhesiolysis
    breaking down or severing of pelvic adhesions
  63. cervical conization
    removal of a cone-shaped portion of the cervix
  64. colporrhaphy
    suture to repair the vagina
  65. A&P repair
    anterior and posterior repair of a cystocele and rectocele
  66. cyrosurgery
    method of destroying tissue by freezing
  67. culdocentesis
    aspiration of fluid from the cul-de-sac
  68. dilation and curettage (D&C)
    dilation of the cervix and scraping of the endometrium to control bleeding, and obtain tissue for biopsy
  69. hysterectomy
    removal of the uterus
  70. myomectomy
    excision of fibroid tumors
  71. oophorectomy
    excision of an ovary
  72. salpingectomy
    excision of a uterine tube
  73. bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
    excision of both uterine tubes and ovaries
  74. salpingotomy
    incision into the fallopian tube
  75. salpingostomy
    creation of an opening in the fallopian tube
  76. tubal ligation
    sterilization of a woman by cutting and tying the uterine tubes
  77. mastectomy
    removal of a breast
  78. mammoplasty
    surgical reconstruction of a breast
  79. augmentation mammoplasty
    reconstruction to enlarge the breast
  80. mastopexy
    elevation of pendulous breast tissue
  81. gravida
    pregnant woman
  82. nulligravdia
    never been pregnant
  83. primigravida
    first pregnancy
  84. para
    a woman who has produced one ore more offspring
  85. cervical effacement
    progressive obliteration of the endocervical canal during delivery
  86. meconium staining
    presence of meconium in amniotic fluid
  87. ruptured membranes
    rupture of the amniotic sac
  88. macrosomia
    large-bodied baby
  89. polyhydramnios
    excessive amniotic fluid
  90. spontaneous abortion
  91. habitual abortion
    abortion occurring in three or more consecutive pregnancies
  92. missed abortion
    death of a fetus or embryo within the uterus that is not naturally expelled after death
  93. threatened abortion
    bleeding with threat of miscarriage
  94. cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD)
    conditions preventing normal delivery
  95. ectopic pregnancy
    implantation of fertilized egg outside the uterine cavity
  96. erythroblastosis fetalis
    disorder that results from the incompatibility of a fetus and its mother due to different blood types, causing red blood cell destruction in the fetus
  97. hyperemesis gravidarum
    severe nausea and vomiting in pregnancy
  98. meconium aspiration
    fetal aspiration of amniotic fluid containing meconium
  99. placenta previa
    displaced attachment of the placenta in the lower region of the uterine cavity
  100. abruptio placentae
    premature detachment of a normally situated placenta
  101. chorionic villus sampling (CVS)
    sampling of placental tissue for examination
  102. amniocentesis
    aspiration of amniotic fluid for analysis
  103. episiotomy
    incision of the perineum to faciliate delivery
  104. amnioinfusion
    introduction of a solution into the amniotic sac
  105. abortifacient
    drug that causes abortion
  106. oxytocin
    hormone secreted by the pituitary gland that causes myometrial contractioin
  107. tocolytic agent
    drug used to stop labor contractions
Card Set
Female Reproductive System
female reproductive system