health problems of newborn

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  1. Milia
    plugging of sebaceous glands
  2. Pseudomenstruation
    milky secretions or small amts of blood seen from a sudden drop in progesterone and estrogen levels
  3. Witch’s milk
    secreted by the infant’s breasts
  4. Dextrocardia
    anomaly wherein the heart is on the right side of the body
  5. Smegma
    white cheesy substance, commonly found around the glans penis, under the foreskin
  6. Epithelial pearls
    small, white, firm lesions may be seen at the tip of the penis
  7. Syndactyl
    fusion of digits
  8. Acrocyanosis
    cyanosis of the hands and feet
  9. Cutis marmorata
    Transient mottling when infant is exposed to decreased temperature
  10. Apnea
    breathing stops for 20 sec
  11. Miliaria or sudamina
    distended sweat glands that appear as minute vesicles, especially on face
  12. Erythema toxicum
    pink popular rash with vesicles superimposed on thorax, back, buttocks, and abdomen; may appear in 24 – 48 hrs and resolve in several days
  13. Harlequin color change
    clearly outlined color change as infant lies on one side; lower half of body becomes pink and upper half is pale
  14. Mongolian spots
    Irregular areas of deep blue pigmentation, usually in sacral and gluteal regions; seen predominantly in newborns of African, Native American, Asian,  or Hispanic descent
  15. Telangiectatic nevi (“stork bites”)
    flat, deep pink localized areas usually seen on back of neck
  16. Sclerema
    Hard and stiff skin
  17. Café-au-lait spots
    light brown spots
  18. Nevus Flammeus
    Port-wine stain
  19. Caput succedaneum
    Edema of soft scalp tissue
  20. Cephalhematoma: (uncomplicated)
    (uncomplicated) Hematoma between periosteum and skull bone
  21. Craniotabes
    Snapping sensation along lamboid suture that resembles indentation of Ping-Pong ball
  22. Subconjunctival (sclera) hemorrhages
    ruptured capillaries, usually
  23. Natal teeth
    teeth present at birth; benign but may be associated with congenital defects
  24. Epstein pearls
    small, white epithelial cysts along midline of hard palate
  25. Candidiasis (thrush)
    white, adherent patches on tongue, palate, and buccal surfaces
  26. Torticollis (wry neck)
    head held to one side with chin pointing to the opposite side
  27. Sinus arrhythmia
    heart rate increasing with inspiration and decreasing with expiration
  28. Dextrocardia
    heart on right side
  29. Diastasis recti
    midline gap between recti muscles
  30. Wharton jelly
    unusually thick umbilical cord
  31. Wharton jelly
    unusually thick umbilical cord
  32. Omphalocele or gastroschisis
    protrusion of abdominal contents through abdominal wall or cord
  33. Psuedomenstruation
    blood-tinged or mucoid discharge
  34. Epithelial pearls
    small, firm, white lesions at tip of prepuce
  35. Hypospadias
    urethral opening on ventral surface of penis
  36. Epispadias
    Urethral opening on dorsal surface of penis
  37. Chordee
    ventral curvature of penis
  38. Hydrocele
    fluid in scrotum
  39. Polydactyly
    Extra digits
  40. Syndactyly
    fused or webbed digits
  41. Phocomelia
    hands or feet attached close to trunk
  42. Hemimelia
    Absence of distal part of extremity
  43. Hypotonia
    Floppy, poor head control, extremities limp
  44. Hypertonia
    jittery, arms and hands tightly flexed, legs stiffly extended, startles easily
  45. Opisthotonic posturing
    arched back
  46. Opthalmia neonatorum
    infectious conjunctivitis of the newborn
  47. Erb palsy (Erb-Duchenne paralysis)
    caused by damage to the iupper plexus and usually results from stretching or pulling away of the shoulder from the head, as might occur with shoulder dystocia or with a difficult vertex or breech delivery
  48. Klumpke palsy
    results from severe stretching of the upper extremity while the trunk is relatively less mobile
  49. Giant pigmented nevus (bathing trunk nevus)
    dark brown to black, irregular plaque that is at risk of transformation to malignant melanoma
  50. Junctional or compound nevi
    dark brown or black macules that become more numerous with age
  51. Vascular stains (malformations)
    permanent lesions that are present at birth and are initially flat and erythemous
  52. Port-wine stain or nevus flammeus
    lesions that are pink, red, or rarely, purple stains of the skin that thicken, darken, and proportionately enlarge as the child grows
  53. Transient macular stain
    stork bite, salmon patch, or angel kiss 
  54. Sturge-Weber syndrome: tumor of blood and lymph vessels in the pia-arachnoid
    tumor of blood and lymph vessels in the pia-arachnoid
  55. Kilppel-Trenaunay-Weber syndrome
    bony or muscular overgrowth
  56. Capillary hemangiomas (strawberry hemangiomas):
    benign cutaneous tumors that involve only capillaries
  57. Cavernous venous hemangiomas
    involve deeper vessels in the dermis and have a bluish red color and poorly defined margins
Card Set
health problems of newborn
health problems of the newborn
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