1. Definition of engineering
    • Create tangible products
    • Integrate math
    • Forecast product behavior
    • Design for safety
    • Consider economical design
    • Create instructions for operation
  2. Five phases in Fundamental Design Concepts Model
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  3. Design Inputs
    • Goals and anticipated parameters the product adresses
    • "What is needed" 
    • "What can happen" 
  4. Design Process
    • The engineering methods used to ensure product will meet the intended purpose
    • "How can we assure ourdelves the design will not fail"
  5. Design Outputs
    • Final engineering documents - fabrication and oporation limits
    • "What do we need to tell others so that the design is built, operated, and maintained as intended"
  6. Design Results
    • collective attributes of the as-built product
    • "What can be done so others execute the design correctly"
  7. Design Protection
    • Identifications that may challenge the design
    • "How can the design be preserved"
  8. Design Control
    • Design Input
    • Design Process
    • Design Outputs
  9. Risk of Design Failure
    Probability X Consequence
  10. The Graded Approach, Risk Management
    As the level of risk increases, the level of attention increases
  11. Risk Management Strategies (Design Process)
    • Increase design margin
    • Tried-and-true 
    • Redundancy
    • Defense-In-Depth
    • Increase Fidelity - idiot proof
    • Independent and Cross-Discipline Reviews
    • Validate design results
  12. Risk Management Strategies (Design Output)
    • Level of detail increases as risk increases
    • Version Control
  13. Risk Management Strategies (Design Results)
    • Training Evaluation
    • Instructions Consistent with Knowledge of Work Group
    • Expectations for knowledgeable people
  14. Risk Management Strategies (Design Protection)
    • Training Evaluation
    • Problem Resolution Process
    • Expectations for knowledgeable people
  15. 10 CFR 50, Appendix B
    Quality Assurance Criteria
  16. Key Milestones in Nuclear Power
    • McMahon / Atomic Energy Act - Transfer technology from military to public
    • Atomic Energy Act Ammendments - Foundation for commercial nuclear power
    • Energy Reorganization Act - Replaced AEC, NRC oversees technology, Department of Energy promotes technology
  17. NRC Document Hierarchy Functions
    • Law - Created by executive and congressional branches
    • Regulation - Created by the NRC, enforcable as law
    • Operating License - Granted by NRC to specific entity
    • Licensing Bases - Info NRC relies on to asses licensee
    • Regulatory Committments - NRC & Licensee voluntary docketed agreements
  18. Purpose of 10 CFR 20
    • Govern On-Site Exposures
    • ALARA (As Low As Reasonably Acheivable)
  19. Purpose of 10 CFR 100
    Govern off-site exposures of nuclear facilities
  20. Operating License
    • NRC granted access to build and operate a nuclear power plant
    • Contains conclusions from review and the authorizations associated
  21. Code of Federal Regulations (CFR)
    • Published in Federal Register
    • 50 Titles - agencies
  22. Hierarchy Organization of NRC Documents
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  23. NRC design requirements become ____ for licensees.
    Design Inputs
  24. Obligations / Operating License
    • Technical Specifications - Appendix A of Operating License; details and specifics
    • Environmental Protection Plan - Appendix B of Operating License; addresses not radiological 
    • Orders - written NRC directive to modify, suspend, or revoke a license
  25. NRC Mandated License Bases Documents
    • Updated final safety analysis report
    • Technical Requirements Manuals
    • Teachnical Specification Bases Selections
    • QA Plans
    • Security Plans
    • Emergency Preparedness Plans
    • Fire Protection Plans
    • Offsite Dose Calculation Manual
    • Core Operating Limits Report
    • Pressure/Temperature Limits Report
    • Surveillance Frequency Control Program
Card Set
Role of the Power Plant Engineer