Test 2 Study Qs

  1. What were the 3 distinct parts of the British government?
    • Monarchy
    • House of Lords
    • House of commons
  2. What part of English society did each part relate to in the British government fo the Monarchy?
    royal family interests
  3. What part of English society did each part relate to in the British government for the House of Lords?
    • land owners
    • voting rights 20% male pop
    • -Parliment
  4. What part of English society did each part relate to in the British government for the House of commons?
    • everyone else
    • -be a member of parliment had to be land owner
    • -couldnt run for office
  5. What is the orgin for the British idea of liberty?
    • Magna Carta
    • -arrest somebody-> they must be charged with a crime
    • -habeas corpus "produce the body"
    • -trial by jury of peers
  6. What rights were present in the English Bill of Rights?
    • 1689
    • taxes imposed by legislature, not monarchy
    • free spech in Parliment
    • monarchy cant judge in legal cases
    • citizens can petition their monarch
  7. What is the Royal Prerogative?
    • the authority of the monarch to do what is necessary to run and protect an empire
    • (ie. passports)
  8. Sugar Act
    • 1764
    • cut down on rum smuggling
    • violators tried by an admiralty court in BR
    • ---its a court martial by the Navy
  9. Quartering Act
    • 1764
    • taxes to house and feed troops in America
  10. Stamp Act
    • 1765
    • tax stamps on written documents
    • everyone is effected by this, most protest in response
  11. Virginia Resolves
    Patrick Henry's speech
  12. Sons of Liberty
    • Boston to SC
    • keeping people from selling tax stamps
  13. Townshed Acts
    • up taxes, 5 items- paper, paint, lead, glass, tea
    • closed NY colonial assembly over Quatering Act
  14. direct representation
    Parliament---> colonial legislative--> taxes to citizens--> vote (in a circle)
  15. virtual resprentation
    Parliament--->  taxes to citizens
  16. Stamp Act Congress
    • Oct 1765
    • boycott of BR goods
    • petition the monarch
  17. The response to Townshed Acts that led to the dissolution of the colonial assemblies
    • boycott 1770
    • 6 more colonial legislative closed for resistance to Townshed Act
  18. what was the ruling in the case of Campbell vs Hall?
    the moarch can make law and levy taxes on a colony until the colony has its own legislature to do so (the king can no longer impose taxes)
  19. Coercive Acts
    • (Sons of Liberty dressed as natives, took tea and threw in river in Boston)
    • close Boston trade
    • more troops are sent to Boston
    • all local govt in MA is suspended
  20. Tea Act
    • 1773
    • allowed British India tea company to sell their tea in America with out taxes
    • hopefully it made their cheaper
    • increase consumption, save company from falling through
  21. whigs def of resistance
    the act and laws of the govt
  22. whigs def of revolt
    against the monarch himself (the king)
  23. 2nd Continental Congress
    • 1775
    • Continental Army- lead by G. Washington
    • Committee of Secret correspondence
  24. Prohibitory Act
    • blockage of the American coast
    • seize American ships
    • hire hessian Mercenciers to help crush rebellion
  25. Declaration of Independence 3 parts
    • I. Theory of govt- John Locke
    • II. specific violations of the contract
    • III. declaration
Card Set
Test 2 Study Qs
US HIST 1 1301, Test 2 info