cset subtest I

  1. Fiction
    Is not real
  2. Non-fiction
    Is real
  3. Satire
    A mode, manifestation of authorial attitude (tone) and purpose
  4. Novel
    Extended fictional prose narrative, derived from the Halian novella, meaning "tale, piece of news"
  5. Freytag's Pyramid: analyze fiction
    • Intro or exposition
    • Complication
    • Rising action
    • Climax
    • Falling action
    • Denouement or conclusion
  6. Static characters
    do not change in significant ways
  7. Dynamic characters
    May change only slightly in attitude, but those changes may be the very ones upon which the narrative rests.
  8. Protagonist
    Struggles toward someone or something
  9. Antagonist
    Struggles against someone or something
  10. Stock characters
    Exist because the plot demands it
  11. Stereotype character
    Without individuating characteristics
  12. Allegorical character
    Standing for the qualities or concepts rather than actual personages
  13. Topic
    Is a phrase- "man's humanity to man"
  14. Theme
    Turns a phrase into a statement
  15. Motif
    Detail or element of the story which is repeated throughout and which many even become symbolic
  16. Setting
    Where? When? Atmosphere
  17. Speculative essay
    It looks at ideas; explores them rather than explains them
  18. Argumentative essay
    Present a point and provide evidence, which may be factual or anecdotal and support it
  19. Narrative essay
    May recount an incident or a series of incidents and is almost always autobiographical
  20. Expository essay
    Explains and clarifies ideas
  21. Poets
    Write to awake the senses
  22. Stanzas
    A grouping of lines with a metrical order and often repeated rhyme which we know as the rhyme scheme
  23. End rhyme
    Has the rhyming word at the end of the line
  24. Internal rhyme
    Includes at least one rhyming word within the line
  25. Slant rhyme
    Jolts a reader who expects a perfect rhyme
  26. Masculine rhyme
    Uses one-syllable words or stress the final syllable of polysyllabic words, giving a feeling of strength and impact
  27. Feminine rhyme
    Uses a rhyme of two or more syllables, the stress not falling upon the last syllable, giving a feeling of softness and lightness
  28. Free
    Unrhymed and varying in metrical pattern
  29. Blank verse
    Unrhymed, but has a strict rhythm
  30. Meter
    The pattern or measure of stressed or accented words within a line of verse
  31. Iambic rhythm
    Rising and falling rhythm
  32. Iambic meter
    A line of poetry that alternates stressed and unstressed syllables
  33. Iambic pentameter
    • A line of poetry without syllable of rising and falling stress
    • monometer: 1 feet diameter: 2 feet
    • Trimeter: 3 feet tetrameter: 4 feet
    • Heptameter: 7 feet octameter: 8 feet
  34. Metaphor
    Compares two unlike things, feelings, or objects
  35. Similes
    Compares two dissimilar things but always use the words "as if" or "like"
  36. Personification
    An object with human attributes
  37. Literal (image)
    The reader has little adjustments to make to see or touch or taste the image
  38. Figurative image
    Demands more from the readers
  39. Allusion
    Poets tap into previous areas of experience to relate their insights, drawing readers into shared experiences
  40. Alliteration
    Repetitions of consonants at the beginning of words that are next or close by each other
  41. Apostrophe
    The direct address of someone or something that is not present
  42. Assonance
    A repetition of vowel sounds usually internally rather than initially
  43. Bathos
    A deliberate anticlimax to make a definite point or draw attention to falseness
  44. Caesura
    The pause marked by punctuation (/) or not within the line. Sometimes comes at an unexpected point in the rhythm and gives the reader pause for thought
  45. Conceits
    Very elaborate comparisons between unlikely objects
  46. Consonance
    Similar to a slant rhyme; repetition of consonant sounds without the vowel sound repeated not at the beginning of words like alliteration
  47. Diction
    The word for word choice
  48. Enjambment
    The running on of one line of poetry into another
  49. Hyperbole
    Refers to large overstatement often used to draw attention to a mark of beauty or a virtue or an action that the poet disagrees with
  50. Irony
    Discrepancy between what is said and what is meant
  51. Metonymy
    The name for something closely related to its which then takes on a larger meaning
  52. Onomatopoeia
    The word captures the sound (hiss, buzz)
  53. Oxymoron
    A form of paradox in which contradictory words are used next to each other (painful pleasure, sweet sorrow)
  54. Paradox
    A situation or action or feeling that appears to be contradictory but on inspection turns out to be true or at least make sense
  55. Pun
    A play on words often for humorous or sarcastic effect
  56. Sarcasm
    When verbal irony is too harsh it moves into the sarcastic realm
  57. Synecdoche
    When a part of an object is used to represent the entire thing or vice versa
  58. Syntax
    The ordering of words in a particular pattern
  59. Tone
    The voice or attitude of the speaker
  60. Form
    The pattern or design or a poem
  61. Closed form
    Lines can be counted and shape determined
  62. Open form
    Freedom of pattern
  63. Sonnet
    Closed, 14 lines
  64. Ballads
    A story in a song
  65. Ballad stanza
    4 lines rhyming abcb with lines 1 and 3 having 8 syllables and lines 2 and 4 having 6 syllables
  66. Romanticism
    Sees the world idealistically as perfectible, if not perfect
  67. Realism
    Sees the world as it is, good and bad
  68. Naturalism
    Focus on what is wrong with the world
  69. Morpheme
    The smallest meaningful unit that cannot be divided into smaller meaningful units (flower=1 unit, cornflower=2 units)
  70. Noun
    Person place or thing
  71. Verb
    Action word
  72. Adjective
    Describes nouns
  73. Adverbs
    An adverb is a modifying part of speech. It describes verbs, other adverbs, adjectives, and phrases. They are used to describe how, where, when, how often and why something happens. Here is an example: Verb- The cat climbed quickly up the tree. (quickly describes how the cat climbed)
Card Set
cset subtest I
reading language arts and literature