CH 14: Part III

  1. esophageal varices
    swollen, twisted veins in the esophagus
  2. esophagitis
    inflammation of the esophagus
  3. gastritis
    inflammation of the stomach
  4. gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
    • backflow of stomach contents into the esophagus
    • due to dysfunction of esophageal sphincter
    • causes burning/pain
  5. pyloric stenosis
    narrowed condition of the pylorus
  6. peptic ulcer disease (PUD)
    sore on the mucous membrane of the stomach, duodenum - or other part of the gastrointestinal system
  7. gastric ulcer
    ulcer located in the stomach
  8. duodenal ulcer
    ulcer located in the duodenum
  9. gastroenteritis
    inflmmation of the stomach and small intestines
  10. ileitis
    inflammation of the ileum (lower portion of small intestines)
  11. ulcerative colitis
    chronic inflammation of the colon along with ulcerations
  12. diverticulum
    by-way, abnormal side pocket in the gastrointestinal tract due to lack of dietary fiber
  13. diverticulosis
    a diverticula in the gastrointestinal tract, usually bowel
  14. diverticulitis
    inflammation of diverticula
  15. dysentery
    • inflammation of the intestine
    • bloody stools, caused by bacteria or protozoa
  16. hiatal hernia
    protrusion of part of the stomach upward through the hiatal opening in the diaphragm
  17. intussusception
    prolapse of one part of the intestine into the lumen of the adjoining part
  18. volvulus
    twisting of the bowel, causing obstruction
  19. polyposis
    multiple polyps in the intestine/rectum with high potential for malignancy
  20. polyp
    tumor on a stalk
  21. proctitis
    inflammation of the rectum and anus
  22. anal fistula
    abnormal tube-like passageway from the anus, may connect with the rectum
  23. hemorrhoid
    swollen, twisted vein in the anal region
  24. peritonitis
    inflammation of the peritoneum
  25. hepatitis
    inflammation of the liver
  26. hepatitis A
    infectious inflammation caused by HAV (hepatitis A virus), transmitted orally though fecal contamination
  27. hepatitis B
    infectious inflammation caused by HBV, transmitted sexually or by body fluids
  28. hepatitis C
    inflammation caused by HCV, transmitted by exposure to infected blood
  29. cirrhosis
    disease caused by degeneration of liver tissue-from alcoholism or nutritional deficiency
  30. cholangitis
    inflammation of bile ducts
  31. cholecystitis
    inflammation of the gallbladder
  32. endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)
    endoscopic procedure including x-ray to examine the ducts of the liver, gallbladder and pancreas
  33. laparoscopy
    examination of the abdomen cavity with a laparoscope
  34. peritoneoscopy
    examination of the peritoneal cavity with a peritoneoscope
  35. capsule endoscopy
    examination of the small intestine made by a tiny video camera
  36. colonoscopy
    examination of the colon using a flexible colonoscope
  37. sigmoidoscopy
    examination of the sigmoid colon with a sigmoidoscope
  38. proctoscopy
    examination of the rectum and anus with a proctoscope
  39. liver scan
    scan of the liver after an injection of radioactive tracers, detects tumors and functional abnormalities
Card Set
CH 14: Part III