CH 14: Part II

  1. defecation
    evacuation of feces
  2. peritoneum
    membrane surrounding the entire abdominal cavity-parietal and visceral layers, covering each organ
  3. peritoneal cavity
    space between the parietal and visceral peritoneum
  4. omentum
    covering; extension of the peritoneum attaches the stomach to the abdominal wall
  5. liver
    produces bile
  6. gallbladder
    stores bile
  7. pancreas
    gland, secretes pancreatic juice into duodenum, this mixes with bile to digest food
  8. biliary ducts
    • ducts that convey bile
    • hepatic, cystic and common bile ducts
  9. hypochondriac regions
    upper lateral regions beneath the ribs
  10. epigastric region
    upper middle region below the sternum
  11. lumbar regions
    middle lateral regions
  12. umbilical region
    region of the naval
  13. inguinal regions
    lower lateral groin regions
  14. hypogastric region
    region below the navel
  15. anorexia
    loss of appetite
  16. aphagia
    inability to swallow
  17. ascites
    accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity
  18. buccal
    in the cheeks
  19. constipation
    infrequent/incomplete bowell movements
  20. diarrhea
    loose stools
  21. dyspepsia
  22. dysphagia
    difficulty swallowing
  23. eructation
  24. flatulence
    gas in stomach or intestings
  25. halitosis
    bad breath
  26. hematemesis
    vomitting blood
  27. hepatomegaly
    enlargement of the liver
  28. hyperbilirubinemia
    excessive level of bilirubin in the blood
  29. icterus
    • yellow discoloration of the skin, sclera and other tissues
    • caused by excess of bilirubin in the blood
  30. melena
    • dark-colored, tarry stool
    • from old blood
  31. nausea
    sick to the stomach
  32. steatorrhea
    feces containing fat
  33. sublingual
    under the tongue
  34. stomatitis
    inflammation of the mouth
  35. sialoadenitis
    inflammation of the salivary gland
  36. partotitis
    • inflammation of the parotid gland
    • aka mumps
  37. cheilitis
    inflammation of the lip
  38. glossitis
    inflammation of the tongue
  39. ankyloglossia
    • tongue-tied
    • defect of the tongue characterized by a short, thick, frenulum
  40. gingivitis
    inflammation of the gums
Card Set
CH 14: Part II