Nutrition Minerals

  1. Element needed by the body to maintain structure and regulate chemical reactions and body processes
  2. How many essential minerals are needed by our bodies
  3. How are minerals divided into categories
    • Trace
    • Major
  4. What minerals do we need to consume 100mg or more a day for proper body function
  5. What minerals are needed in amounts of 20mg or less a day
  6. What happens to minerals  once they are digested
    • nothing
    • not metabolized, remain unchanged
  7. What are the major minerals
    • Sodium
    • Potassium
    • Chloride
    • Calcium
    • Phosphorus
    • Magnesium
    • Sulfur
  8. What are the trace minerals
    • Iron
    • Copper
    • Zinc
    • Selenium
    • Iodine
    • Chromium
    • Fluoride
    • Maganese
  9. What are the functions of minerals
    • ridgity & strength to teeth & bones
    • Needed for proper nerve & muscle function
    • Enzyme cofactors
    • Acid base balance
    • Blood clotting
    • tissue repair
  10. What are the prime sources of minerals
    both plant & animal
  11. Give examples of mineral sources
    fruits, veggies, legumes & whole grain 

    beef,chicken,eggs,fish,& milk
  12. What is bioavalability
    level of absorption of a consumed nutrient
  13. Is the bioavailability level a set level
    • no
    • varies from food to food and mineral to mineral
  14. What mineral source is more easily absorbed
    animal sources
  15. What mineral source has binders
    plant sources
  16. What is a binder
    substances in plants that combine with mineral to form an indigestible compound, we can't use the mineral
  17. The amount of plant minerals that are available for absorption may be dependent on what
    the minerals in the soil where the plants grew
  18. Can the body have to many minerals
    • No,
    • the body will only absorb what it needs
  19. When measuring fluid intake  what do you measure
    anything liquid at room temp
Card Set
Nutrition Minerals
Nutrition Minerals