Nutrition Fluid Balance

  1. Water performs a variety of vital functions.  What are they?
    • *shape and rigidity of cells
    • *regulate body temperature
    • *Lubricant
    • *Cushions body tissues
    • *transports nutrients and waste products
    • *solvent for glucose, aa, minerals and protiens and other molecules
    • *source of trace minerals
    • *Chemical reactions tha join small molecules together or break apart large ones, and helps maintain acid/base balance
  2. What is the adequate water intake recommendation for men?  women?
    • 13 cups
    • 9 cups
  3. What is the minimum amount of water needed?
    4 cups
  4. What is the average I & O for a 24 hr period?
  5. What is the minimum amount of urine output desired to indicate healthy functioning kidneys?
  6. What is the best source of water?
    drinking water
  7. What are other sources of water, besides drinking water?
    • *milk, fruit juice, soup
    • *some fruits and veggies have 85-95% water such as: watermelon, grapes, oranges, lettuce, tomatoes, and zuccini
    • *soft drinks can be added, but are high in solutes
  8. What are three examples of diuretics?
    coffee, tea and alcohol
  9. How much of total fluid output is excreted as urine per day?
  10. What are examples of sensible fluid losses that can be measured?
    • *urine
    • *defication
    • *wound discharge
  11. What are insensible fluid losses that can't be measured or seen?
    • *perspiration
    • *lungs on respiration
Card Set
Nutrition Fluid Balance
fluid balance