China and Japan

  1. Tokugawa/Edo
    1600-1867, a time when japan's boarders were closed to outsiders
  2. Japanese Soundscape
    Music from all over. Music always playing everywhere
  3. Unique Characteristics of Japanese Traditional Music
    • unpitched sounds and variety of timbres
    • beatless, flexability of pulse in solo and ensemble music
    • The Heterophonic treatment of voices in an ensemble 
  4. Shakuhachi
    • Bamboo flute. 54 cm long, 4 holes infront and 1 in back
    • tones ranging from pure to breathy 
  5. Samurai
    The Warrior class, highest warrior class
  6. Ronin
    Masterless Samurai (released lower class Samurai) not allowed to change status from samurai but some did
  7. Komuso
    • group of ronin who took religius orders.
    • "Emptiness Monks"
    • Buddist monks wondering the country side playing shakuhachi and begging. 
  8. Hoki
    • Shakuhachi's name by buddist
    • "spiritual tool" 
  9. Suizen
    • "Blowing Zen"
    • shakuhachi being played, to reach enlightenment 
  10. Ma
    • "space""Interval"
    • Linked to both Rhythms and Zen playing Shakuhachi
    • overall timing, relationship, between sound and silence 
  11. koto
    zither. 1.8 meters long with 13 strings made of silk orig. but now made of nylon. Played by Women because it used to mean good breeding.
  12. Shamisen
    • 3 string long neck lute
    • used to convey emotion and drama
    • used in theaters and to accompany Kouta
    • Played with a plectrum 
  13. Kouta
    • short song 1-3 min
    • Evokes the imagination
    • Linked to women in japanese culture
    • O-Yo was the first composer
    • Poetic 
  14. iemoto
    the guild system used to teach and exerts in fluence over traditional art practices and controls the quality of performances and performer
  15. Geisha
    • Kouta linked here and to city Edo and tea houses
    • Female entertainment that were educated, talented and could carry on a conversation
    • Kouta displayed romantic or erotic themes 
  16. Matsuri-bayashi
    • music performed at a matsuri or shinto festival to make god spiits happy and bless the city for the next year.
    • flute drums gong. Everyone plays everything but they are ametures 
  17. karaoke
    • Empty orchestra
    • allows anyone to sing there favorite song to an orchestra
    • Important to japans social and buisness life
    • relieves stress and inspires oneness 
  18. Tiako
    Drum ensemble
  19. Gagaku
    • Court music 
    • Elegant music
    • from china
    • accompanies hihly stylized dance
  20. In Scale
    • Semi tones in pentatonic scale
    • Koto and Shamisen
  21. Yo Scale
    • No semitones in a pentitonic scale
    • Folk Songs
Card Set
China and Japan