Therefore, a dancer's body needs a certain _____________--in the spine to achieve an arabesque line and a fluid carriage of the arms; in the hip joints to allow an efficient turnout and extension of the legs; and in the ankles and feet for quick, articulate allegro, including soft landings from jumps.
A dancer's body must be able to function reliably to have ____________ to meet the day-to-day physical demands of ballet technique.
the strength and overall health and fitness
The four health-related components of physical fitness essential for ballet performers are:
Cardio respiratory endurance; Muscular strength and muscular endurance; Flexibility; and Body composition
The term _________ frequently is used when referring to approaches that accept the importance of the interrelatedness of body, mind, spirit, and environment.
Central to his [Alexander] technique is the concept of "primary control," a term that refers to ___________ in relation to the entire body.
_the correct use of the head and neck___
Central to his [Alexander] technique is the concept of ____________, a term that refers to the correct use of the head and neck in relation to the entire body.
The "Bartenieff Fundamentals" refers to a series of movement sequences aimed at developing ________________ with particular attention given to movement quality.
more efficient movement patterns
____________ involves mentally concentrating on visualizing a movement without physically performing it.
After the injury is healed,__________ can help break down scar tissue
___________ often begin with breathing exercises and some type of warm-up exercise, followed by a series of asanas, each held for a few seconds to several minutes.
To be effective, ________ should occur at least three times a week.
Within the framework of these given body attributes, _____________ are the keys to increasing and maintaining flexibility because they can be lengthened through regular stretching exercises.
muscles and their connective tissues
Also known as weight training or resistance exercise, this type of conditioning ________________________.
increases and maintains lean-muscle strength
Before you workout, remember to ________ the muscles you plan to strengthen.
warm up and gently stretch
After you workout, allow time to___________
cool down and gently stretch again
_______ are done with control and concentration, with special focus on the torso to strengthen the center of the body.
_______ also is used to rehabilitate the body after injury.
When these [barre] exercises are neglected before a rehearsal or performance or by a latecomer to class, ________
injury is invited
________ is the dancer's fundamental safeguard against injury
Correct execution of each exercise
Pain may well be the body's warning __________
to cease a certain activity
A cramp may be relieved by immediate _______ of the cramped muscle, accompanied by massage.
Immediate treatment should include the _________ procedure just described (__________________________________), then immobilization of the joint to avoid further tearing of the ligament.
R-I-C-E ; rest, ice, compression and elevation
Although it is relatively rare for a dancer to break a bone, it is relatively common for a dancer to have ______________________
Landing incorrectly from jumps and dancing on a hard floor can lead to _____
A knee is strongest _______, therefore rond de jambe � terre practiced incorrectly with a relaxed knee invites stress to the surrounding ligaments.
A painful click in the knee may signal __________
Different types of bunions can occur _______, usually at the base of the big toe but sometimes at the little toe.
at stress points
Most dancers keep their toenails ________
cut very short
Diet, to the dancer, should mean __________
a habitual way of eating so that the body maintains itself with maximum energy and efficiency
Two types of eating disorders sometimes associated with a dancer's obsession with thinness are ________, a type of self-starvation, and _______, characterized by eating great quantities of food followed by laxative abuse. self-induced vomiting, or both.
anorexia nevosa ; bulimia
A person subject to listlessness, frequent illness, and a generally low energy level may be suffering from ________
Smoking is especially harmful for dancers because it is directly linked to cardiovascular disease (disease of the heart and blood vessels), lung cancer, and _____
bone density loss
The image of the thin, frail-looking dancer of the 1960s and 1970s has changed; dancers now are _______________