1. The majority of adults aged 65 and older in the United States are:
  2. Your textbook discussed research in the effects of stereotype threat involving all of the following stereotypes EXCEPT:
    What we do know about stereotype threat is that it occurs when members of a particular group fear that they will be evaluated in terms of a negative stereotype about their group.
  3. About ten or fifteen minutes after Jon starts his daily five-mile job, he usually begins to perspire heavily. His body’s tendency to maintain a steady temperature through the cooling acting of sweating is a function of:
  4. Motivation is defined as:
    The biological, emotional, cognitive, or social forces that activate and direct behavior.
  5. Which of the following is TRUE of the placenta?
    The placenta is actually a disk-shaped, vascular organ that prevents the mother's blood from directly mingling with that of the developing embryo. It acts as a filter to prevent any harmful substances that might be present in the mother's blood to mingle with the embryo's blood.
  6. A worldwide survey of intelligence test scores showed that there were significant gains in average IQ scores in 14 nations in just one generation. These results provide support for ________influences on IQ scores.
  7. Which of the following statements about the relationship between IQ and success is FALSE?
    What we do know about this is that Although intelligence is necessary for success in any field, the kind of intelligence that is reflected by high scores on traditional IQ tests is no guarantee of vocational success or professional eminence.
  8. Which statement best characterizes Howard Gardner’s view of intelligence?
    He believes there are multiple categories of intelligence, and that they are defined by their cultural settings.
  9. Which of the following statements TRUE about intuition?
    Coming to a conclusion or making a judgment without conscious awareness of the thought process.
  10. According to Maslow’s humanistic theory of motivation, what must people do before they can strive for the realization of their personal potential and creative abilities?
    They must strive for prestige and feelings of accomplishment; they most accomplish their esteem needs.
  11. Persistence is a characteristic of motivation that would be best demonstrated by the:
    Achievement motivation theory.
  12. The Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget is best known for his:
    influential theory of cognitive development
  13. A characteristic of human language is that we can communicate meaningfully about idea, objects, and activities that are not physically present. This characteristic is called:
  14. The term used to describe the mental activities involved in acquiring retaining, and using knowledge is:
  15. Increased blood levels of leptin:
    reduce food intake and the body's fat stores shrink over time.
  16. A female’s first menstrual period, which occurs during puberty is referred to as:
  17. eight-year-old Terry’s performance on an intelligence test is at a level characteristic of an average five-year old. Terry’s mental age is:
  18. Which brain structure is activated when people view threatening or fearful faces?
  19. At the moment of conception, each person begins life as a single cell, which is called?
  20. In individualistic cultures, achievement motivation tends to emphasize:
    personal, individual success rather than the success of the group.
  21. The study of how people change physically, mentally, and socially throughout the lifespan is called :
    Developmental Psychology
  22. While Mary was reading a story about the Australian outback adventures of Billy and his dog, she had no problem visualizing the arid countryside, the unusual animals that lived there, and the various people that Billy and his dog met in their journeys. Mary is using:
    Mental Image
  23. Psychological research has shown that, in general, people are most likely to marry:
    by age 30.
  24. John is a 3-year-old with a history of secure attachment to his mother and father. According to the research on the long-term effects of attachment, what can be predicted about John’s later development?
    He will tend to be more prosocial, empathic, socially competent, higher levels of social and cognitive development, have fewer problems, do better in school and have more successful relationships with his peers.
  25. A strategy in which the likelihood of an event is estimated on the basis of how easily we can remember other instances of the event is called the:
    Availability heuristic
  26. The three basic parenting types described by psychologist Diana Baumrind are:
    Authoritarian, permissive, and authoritative.
  27. Which of the following would characterize a child who is in the concrete operational stage of cognitive development?
    They become capable of true logical thought. They are much less egocentric in their thinking, can reverse mental operations, and can focus simultaneously on two aspects of a problem.
  28. The linguistic relativity hypothesis is the idea that:
    The notion that differences among languages cause differences in the thoughts of their speakers.
  29. Glucose is also called:
    Blood Sugar
  30. Humanistic theories of motivation emphasize the idea that:
    It emphasizes the importance of psychological and cognitive factors in motivation, especially the notion that people are motivated to realize their personal potential.
  31. Which one of the following intelligence tests was developed by David Wechsler?
    Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS)
Card Set
Vocab and questions for 3rd test