A+ flash cards(Alpha).txt

  1. ´╗┐Built-in software that determines what a computer can do without accessing programs from a disk is known as?
    BIOS (basic input/output system)
  2. A motherboard's (blank) includes the onboard circuitry for controlling the AGP bus, onboard sound circuitry, and main memory bus.
    The chipset
  3. Because the operating system is essential for running all other programs, it is usually the first piece of software loaded during the (blank)
    boot process
  4. An authentication tool that uses physical characteristics to identify the user is known as a (blank)
    biometric device
  5. When you attempt to access the Add HArdware applet in Windows Vista, you are informed that Windows needs your permission to continue. What is the name of this Windows Vista feature that is intended to help stop unauthorized changes to the computer?
    User Account Control (UAC)
  6. The (blank) is the combination of hardware and software that specifies what kind of hardware can be installed in a computer
  7. What is the internal data storage that comes in the form of chips called?
  8. What is the "brains of the computer? This is where most of the calculations take place. In terms of computer power, it is the most important element of a computer system.
    CPU (central processing unit)
  9. What part of a computer converts the 110 (115) AC current from the wall into a current of 3.3 volts, 5 volts, and volts?
    Power supply
  10. Which settings information is usually stored in a memory chip and retained by using a small electrical charge provided by a battery installed on the motherboard?
  11. Hard drives and tape drives are examples of (blank)
    storage devices
  12. What is the name of the desktop interface available in Windows Vista?
  13. What is an eight-wire connector commonly used to connect computers onto an Ethernet local area network(LAN) that uses unshielded twisted pair(UTP)? They are somewhat wider than RJ 11 connectors.
    RJ-45 (Registered Jack- 45)
  14. In Windows Vista, it is possible to have a pane of gadgets appearing on the desktop. What is this pane known as?
  15. What is the external bus standard that supports data transfer rates of 12Mbps and higher?
    USB (Universal Serial Bus)
  16. (blank) is a type of port developed by IBM for connecting a mouse or keyboard(most commonly known as the mouse port) to a PC. It supports a (blank) plug containing just six pins
    PS/2, mini-DIN
  17. What is the name of the high performance serial bus technology that is being called the transport of choice for multimedia data transport?
    IEEE 1394 (aka FireWire)
  18. You have been called to service a legacy computer and its attached printer. What type of connector does the parallel port use on PC's to connect printers and computers?
  19. what is a four or six wire connector used primarily to connect telephone equipment in the United States?
    RJ-11 (Registered Jack 11)
  20. What type of printer utilizes a laser beam to produce an image on a drum through a series of electrical charges?
    Laser Printer
  21. What type of printer works by spraying ionized ink at a sheet of paper (magnetized plates in the ink's path direct the ink onto the paper in the desired shapes)?
    Ink-Jet Printer
  22. Printers that use laser, various charged elements, and toner to form images on paper are known as (blank) printers
    electrophotographic (EP)
  23. The (blank) standard supports two types of connectors: a 25 pin D-type connector (DB-25) and a 9-pin D-type connector (DB-9)
    RS-232 (serial standard)
  24. A fast disk drive can be hampered by a bus with a low (blank). This is the main reason that new buses, such as AGP have been developed for the PC.
  25. What is an expansion board inserted into a computer for a network connection called?
    Network Interface Card (NIC)
  26. What is a type of DRAM that is faster than conventional DRAM that can fetch the next block of memory at the same time that it sends the previous block to the CPU?
    Extended data output(EDO) RAM
Card Set
A+ flash cards(Alpha).txt
roarke008, comptia, a+