1. English is one of the oldest documented languages
  2. Reconstruction Method
    • Comparative Method
    • a way to reconstruct past methods of language
    • it is speculative 
  3. The Majority Principle
    Looking at these sister langaguages we can make assumption about the “parent” languages
  4. The most natural change principle
    look at the changes and decide what makes the most sense (the b probably turned into a v so the parent language probably had a b)
  5. Sir William Jones  The Genetic Model
    • 1786 
    • Wanted to be a scholar of Arabic Languages
    • Couldn’t get a job because he was an American Sympathizer
    • Studied Sanskrit in India
    • Published a book about Arabic poems
    • said Latin and Greek are too much a like including the grammar
    • He used the comparative method to show the similarities of Latin and Greek
  6. Philologist
    • worked the next 100 years mapping the languages·        Indo-European Languages (name of the supposed parent language of these sister languages)
    • Majority of the languages are of this same family
  7. Pidgin
    • not the native language of anyone
    • starts abruptly (slavery)
    • created by speakers in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans in the 17th and 18th Century·       
    • make shift language that is used among people who don’t share a same language
    • mostly nouns and verbs 
  8. Creole
    • the children of a pidgin speaker learn it as their first language
    • the language creates a grammar 
    • usually a broken language 
  9. Post Creole Continuum
    • Basilect- Fi mi buk dat
    • Mesolect- tis mi buk
    • Acrolect- It’s my book
  10. Wessex
    Language of West Saxon is what we call Old English (Beowulf 10th Century)Old English had Case
Card Set
2nd Test