1. Dialectology
    • the study of dialects
    • Differences that occur across geographic space
  2. Sociolects
    • social dialects are growing and expanding
    • intersect with culture
    • a different way of speaking based on the group they think they belong to
    • African American English: more people speak this now than ever before
  3. Geographical
    •  traditional notion of “dialect”
    • Accent vs Dialect
    • accent: about pronunciation-not a linguistic term-a part of dialecto  
    • dialect:  more pervasive-differences in pronunciation-differences in lexicon and grammar
  4. Dialect Map
    • Started in Europe
    • 1925 started in the U.S.
    • interstates  represent older migration patterns and the dialect divisions follow them.
    • Why are there so many dialects on the east side and as you move west the dialect areas are so much greater?
  5. Dialect Mixing
    • east are new arrivals and defined by where they come from. 
    • As they move west they intermingle and mix and take on aspects of each other’s dialects.
  6. Dialect Variation: Geographical
    • Lexicon (words): pop (Northern IL) ~ soda (Mid and Southern IL)·       
    • Phonology:  caught ~ cot are said differently in the North·       
    • Grammar:  standing on line ~ standing in line
  7. Isogloss
    • a line that divides ONE linguistic feature form another·       
    • ex- paper bag north of the line and paper sack south of the line
  8. Dialect Boundaries
    • a bundle of isoglosses
    • found many differences and drew many lines that are “basically” in the same area
    • less geographically distinct as time is passing
  9. Perpetual Dialectology
    •  not interested in what people really say but what people think they say
    • rate on who uses the most correct English
    • Northern states believe they speak correctly (Michigan feels they speak the most correct)
    • In the south they believe Northern states speak correctly because they’ve been taught they don’t speak right.
    • Dennis Preston is a researcher
    • When asking people to fill these maps out you are learning ideology not linguistic
  10. Northern Cities Vowel Shift
    a person who participates in the northern cities vowel shift is more likely to have a liberal political philosophy
Card Set
2nd Test