boi lab final

  1. Genetic Engineering
    The process where an organisms DNA is purposely altered
  2. Technique in which genetic engineering is acomplished
    recombinant DNA technology
  3. Recombinant DNA technology
    A gene from one organism is removed and inserted into the DNA from another organism creating a trangenic
  4. A unit of DNA that is associated with an inherited characteristic
  5. What does a gene do?
    Codes for a specific protien, which is associated with a particular function
  6. Genetic engineering is used for...
    • 1. vaccines
    • 2. insulin/Humulin
    • 3. modification of crops
    • 3. human growth hormones/Protopin
  7. GMOs Genetically Modified Organisms
    Food items that have been genetically engineered
  8. Meiosis
    • Two sequential cell divisions that result in the reproduction of the chromosome number to one-half
    • because in sexual reproduction involves the
  9. Does the FDA require GMOs to be labled?
    No so it is nearly impossible for a consumer to determine whether their food has been genetically modified
  10. Why can GMOs be bad for the consumer?
    • There is a risk of allergic reations that do not occur when consumer eats a food that is not genetically modified.
    • ex. sudden allergy to tomatoes (flavr savrtm)
  11. What causes allegies in GMOs?
    The presence of a Bt toxin. Although Bt toxin is approved by FDA it causes allergies in some consumers.
  12. Gene Therapy
    Technique in which a corrected version of the gene is delivered to cells containing the defective gene
  13. Meiosis begins with a blank cell.
    Diploid. (One of which chromosomes are present in pairs.)
  14. The diploid cell divides into four blank cells
    Haploid (one in which the chromosomes are not in pairs)
Card Set
boi lab final
lab final