Bowenian Theory

  1. Differentiation
    • Balancing individuality and togetherness
    • The ability to handly anxiety in stressful situations, think clearly in the midst of heightened emotion.
  2. Undifferentiated
    • Lacks ability to think before reacting to internal and external pressures
    • Ruled by emotions and having no autonomy living life always in reaction to someone else
  3. Emotional Fusion
    either combative or submissive emoational reactivity to those around them. Causes distance, dysfunction and unhealthy attachment to children in substitute for problematic rlx w/ spouse
  4. Triangulation
    • Where there is tension between a couple and they add a thir party into the relationship to try to calm things down/stabilize
    • The most stable structure- lasts longer and harder to end
  5. Intergenerational Family Process
    parental lack of differentiation/anxiety is projected onto child and those characteristics are carried foward through thenext generation in their adult rlx
  6. Bowen training
    • Psychoanalytic
    • Theory is systematizing of psychodynamic theory focusing on nuclear family and past generations
  7. Family of Origin
    The basic training groud you came from, immediate family
  8. Displacement Stories
    Describing the couples issues to them, but in reference to "another" client
  9. Taking the I-position
    encouraging couples to define how they feel for themselves, not letting partners speak for one another
  10. Relationship Experiements
    Help cx learn to respond to anxiety without emotional reactivity
  11. Process questions
    Examine/challenge intrapsychic and interpersonal relationships
  12. Bowen: Family Problems due to
    • Lack of differentiation
    • Emotional Triangles
    • Emotional Fusion
  13. Bowen: Individual Problems due to
    • Undifferentiated self
    • Harboring unresolved issues from FOO
    • Emotional cutoff as a way to manage anxiety
  14. Bowen: Past
    • Who we are today in rlx has connection to our past.
    • Helping past rlx heals present rlx
    • FOO responsible for successful differentiation of children
  15. Bowen: Symptoms Mean
    • Undifferentiated self
    • unresolved issues with FOO
    • Individual will be either avoidant or dependant
  16. Bowen: Change occurs
    • Insight from reflection.
    • One takes responsibility for their role in dysfunction
    • People can act differently once they are aware of their typical responses
  17. Bowen: Healthy Families/Individuals
    • Well Differentiated and have low anxiety
    • Resilient in the face of anxiety
  18. Bowen: Treatment Goals
    • For Cx to take responsibility for their contributions to their problems
    • Detriangulation
    • Self-reflection
    • Decreasing Anxiety
    • Creating/re-establishing rlx with family members
  19. Bowen: Role of the Therapist
    • Facilitate self-reflection
    • Facilitate ownership of one's contribution to the problem at hand
    • Remains neutral
    • Avoid triangulation
  20. Bowen: Focus of Assessment
    • Family history- genograms
    • Process questions to examine intrapsychic/interpersonal rlx
    • Recognizing triangulation
  21. Interventions
    • Process questions
    • Relationship experiements
    • Taking the I-position
    • Displacement stories
  22. Bowen: Strengths
    • conceptualizing "emotional reactivity" and attempts at reduction
    • Conceptualizing "differentiation" and attempting to establish/enhance it in undifferentiated individuals
  23. Bowen: Limitations
    • Concentration on extended family
    • Family members talk to therapists more than self
Card Set
Bowenian Theory