Cardiovascular System

  1. Angi/o
  2. Aort/o
    • Aorta
  3. Arteri/o
    • Artery
  4. Ather/o
    Fatty paste (lipid)
  5. Artri/o
  6. Cardi/o
  7. Coron/o
  8. My/o
  9. Pector/o
  10. Sphygm/o
  11. Thrombo
  12. Ven/o
  13. Varic/o
    Swollen twisted vein
  14. Ventricul/o
    • Ventricle
    • (belly or pouch) 
  15. Atrium
    Upper right and left chambers of the hear
  16. Endocardium
    membrane lining the cavaties of the heart
  17. Epicardium
    Membrane forming the outer layer of the hear
  18. Interatirial Septum
    partition between right and left atrium
  19. Interventrical Septum
    partition between right and left ventricle
  20. Ventricles
    Lower right and left chambers of the heart
  21. Heart Valves
    structures within the heart that open and close with the heart beat to regulate one way blood flow
  22. Aortic Valve
    heart valve between the left ventricle and the aorta
  23. Mitral or Bicuspid valve
    heart valve between the left atrium and the left ventricle 
  24. Pulmonary semilunar valve
    heart valve opening from the right ventricle to the pulmonary artery
  25. Tricuspid valve
    Valves lovated at intervals within the lining of the veings especially in the legs
  26. Arteries
    Vessels that carry blood from the heart to the arterioles
  27. Aorta
    Large artery that is the main trunk of the arterial system branching from the left ventricle
  28. Arterioles
    Small vessels that receive blood from the arteries
  29. Capillaries
    tiny vessels that join arterioles and venules
  30. Venules
    Small vessels that gather blood from the capillaries
  31. Veins 
    vessels that carry blood to the heart from the venules
  32. Systemic circulation
    Circulation of the blood throughout the body through arteries arterioles vapillaries and veins to deliver oxygen and nutrients to body tissue
  33. Pulmonary circulation
    Circulation of the blood from the pulmonary artery through the vessels in the lungs and back to the heart
  34. Diastole
    to expand (when blood enters the relaxed ventricles) 
  35. Systole
    to contract (when blood is ejected through the artery)
  36. nomotension
    normal blood pressure
  37. hypotension 
    low blood pressure
  38. Hypertension
    high blood pressure
  39. Sinoatrial node(SA node)
    The pacemaker --specialized tissue embedded in the wall of the right atrium responsible for initiating electrical conduction of th eheart beat
  40. Atrioventricular node (AV node)
    nuerological tissue in the middle of the heart that receives and amplifies the conduction of impulses from the SA node
  41. polarization
    resting --resting state of myocardial cell
  42. Depolarization
    change in the heart from a polarized state to a contracting state
  43. Repolarization
    recharging of the myocardial cell from contracted back to resting state
  44. Nomral Sinus Rhythm (NSR)
    regular rhythm of the heart cycle
  45. Arteriosclerosis
    thickening, loss of elasticity and calcification of the arterial walls
  46. Atherosclerosis
    Build up of fatty substances within the walls of the arteries
  47. Thrombus
    a stationsary blood clot
  48. Embolus
    a clot in the blodstream that obstructs whenit lodges
  49. stenosis
    condition of narrowing of a part
  50. constriction
    compression of a part
  51. occlusion
    plugging or closing off of a part
  52. Ischemia
    to hold back blood - decreased blood flow to tissue 
  53. Angina
    Chest pain caused by narrowing of of the coronary arteries
  54. Infarct
    a localized areaof necrosis caused by ischemia as a result of occlusion of blood vessels
  55. Aneurysm
    a widening bulging of hte wall of the heart the aorta or an artery caused by congenital defect or acquired weekeness
  56. Palpitations 
    subjective experiences of pounding skipping or racing heartbeats
  57. vegetation 
    to grown --an abnormal growth of tissue around a valve 
  58. Arrhythmia
    any of several kinds of irregularity or loss of rhythm of the heartbeat
  59. Dysrhythmia
    abnormal heart beat
  60. Bracadycardia
    slow heart rate <60/min
  61. Fibrillation
    chaotic irregular contractions of the heart as in atrial or ventricular fibrillation
  62. Flutter
    extremely rapid but regular contractions of the heart as in artrial or ventricular fibrilliation 
  63. tachycardia
    fast heart rate >100/ min
  64. arteriosclerotic heart disease 
    a degenerative conditoin of the arteries - thickening of the inner lining loss of elasticity and susceptibility to rupture
  65. Cardiomyopathy
    a general term for disease of the heart muscle 
  66. Congestive heart failure CHF
    failure of the left ventricle to pump an adequate amount of blood to meet the deamnds of the body  causing edema in lower extremeties
  67. Coronary artery disease
    conditoin affecting arteries of the heart that reduces the flow of bloodand delivery of oxygen and nutrients to the myocardium
  68. Hypertension 
    persistently high blood pressure
  69. Mitral Valve Prolapse
    protrustion of one or both cusps of the mitral valve
  70. Myocradial infarction
    heart attack death of myocardial tissue
  71. Myocarditis
    Inflammation of the myocardium canused by viral or bacterial infection
  72. Pericarditis
    inflammation of the pericardium
  73. Phlebitis
    inflammation of a vein
  74. Rheumatic Heart Disease
    Damage to heart muscle and heart valves by rheumatic fever
  75. Thrombophlebitits 
    inflammation of a vein
  76. Varicose Veins
    abnormally swollen twisted veins with defective valves
  77. Deep vein thrombosis DVT
    Formation of a clot in a deep vein of th ebody (femoral and iliac veins)
  78. Ausculation
    a examination method of listening to sounds within the body with the aid of a stethoscope
  79. Bruit
    an abnormal heart sound 
  80. Electrocardiogram
    an electrical picture of the heart represented by postivie and negative defections on a graph
  81. Positron Emission tomography (PET Scan)
     Use of nuclear isotopes and computed tomography techniques to produce blood flow imapes and study the heart
  82. Radiology 
    xray imagining
  83. Transesopageal echocardiogram
    an echocardiographic image of the heart after placesment of an ultrasonic transducer at the end of an endoscope inside the esophagus
  84. Coronary Artery Bypass
    Grafting a portion of a blood vessel retrieved from anothe rpart of the body to bypass an occluded coronary artery thus restoring circualtion to myocardial tissue. 
  85. endarterectomy 
    incision and coring of the lining of an artery to clear a blockage
  86. Valve Replacement
    surgery to replace a diseased heart valve with an articifical one 
  87. Defibrillation
    termination of ventricular fibrilliation by delivery of an electrical stimulus to the heart (shock to the heart) using the defibrillation
  88. Angiostensin-converting enzyme (ACE inhibitor)
    a drug that suppresses the conversion of angiostensin in the blood -used in hypertension
  89. Antianginal
    a drug that dilates coronary arteries restoring oxygen to the tisseus to relieve the pain of angina pectoris
  90. antiarrhythmic 
    a drug that counteracts cardiac arrhytmia 
  91. anticoagulant
    a drug atha prevents clotting
  92. Beta blockign agents
    agents that inhibit response to nerve activity used to treat angina and hypertension 
  93. Calcium Channel blockers 
    Agents taht inhibit the entry of calcium ions in the heart muscle-used in hypertension and some arrhythmias 
  94. Cardiotonic
    a drug that increases the force of myocardial contractions in the heart -Treats congestive heart failure
  95. Diuretic
    a drug that increases secretion of urine
  96. hypolipidemic 
    a drug that reduces fat and cholesterol
  97. thrombolytic agents
    drugs  used to dissolve blood clots
  98. vasoconstrictor 
    a drug that cuases narrowing of the blood vessels decreasing blood flow
  99. Vasodilator
    a drug that causes dilation of the blood vesslels increasing blood flow
Card Set
Cardiovascular System
Chapter 7 Cardiovascular System