What are the 3 basic elements of hair design?
What is space? (3)
- the area inside the form
- 3 dimensional
Can fill space with curls, waves, straight hair or by combining a few.
What are Lines? (4)
Lines create form, design and movement of a style
The eye will follow the lines
Lines can be stright or curved
- This includes 4 types of lines
What are 4 types of basic lines?
- 1. Horizontal
- 2. Vertical
- 3. Diagonal
- 4. Curved
What are horizontal lines? (4)
Lines that are parallel
Lines maintain a constant distance
The lines run in the same direction
They create width in a style because the eye follows the line from center to ends.
What are vertical lines? (2)
Lines the run straight up and down
Can make a style look longer/narrower because the eye followes the links up and down
What are diagonal lines? (3)
Lines that are placed between horizontal/vertical lines
Best used to minimize/empasize facial features
May also be used to create interest in a style
What are curved lines? (3)
- Soften a design
- -large or small, full or semi circle
Can be placed in any direction
Curved lives repeating in opposite directions create a wave
What are the 5 Principles of Hair Design?
- 1. Proportion
- 2. Balance
- 3. Rythm
- 4. Emphasis
- 5. Harmony
What is Proportion?
The harmonious relationship between parts or things, or the comperative relation of one thing to another.
Hair must be in proportion to client
Would not have big hair on small person=BAD
What is Balance? (4)
Involves harmony and proportion
Proper degree of HEIGHT AND WIDTH
Balance can be symmetrical or asymmetrical
- Symmetrical- design similar on both sides
- Asymmetrical- features of unequal proportion
What is Symmetrical Balance?
A design is similar on boths sides of the face
-both sides are the same distance from center, same length, same volume when viewed from the front
- Sides may be different or same shape
- -volume will be the same
What is Asymmetrical Balance? (2)
- Feature of unequal proportion
- -right hair design can balance these facial features
Opposite sides of hairstyle can have different lengths, different colume and can be horizontal or diagonal
What is Rythm? (4)
Regular, current pattern of movement
Can be faast or slow moving
- Fast rythm=tight curls (moves quickly)
- Slow rythm= larger shapes or longer waves
What is Emphasis? (4)
Where the eye turns first before travelling to the rest of the design
- Area of focus = emphasis
- Can have multiple points of emphasis as long as they dec rease in importance/size
ex: wave patterns, color, change in form, ornamentation
What is Harmony? (3)
The orderly and pleasing arrangements of shapes and lines
- MOST IMPORTANT ELEMENT
- Holds all elements together
What is the Medulla? (4)
The inner layer of the hair shaft
Pigment producing cell
Contains pockets of hair and water that lend resilience to the hair
- 3 shades of pigment are:
Steps for Hygiene? (10)
- 1. Wash/sanitize hands in front of client
- 2. Keep hair tied back and away from face
- 3. Keep nails clean and reasonable length
- 4. Use clean/sanitized brushes, combs and clips, etc.
- 5. Clean brushes/clips/etc after each client using alcohol/barbicide
- 6. Use new bobbi pins. Never reuse
- 7. Never use teeth to open bobbypins/ hold elastics
- 8. Use new elastics each time. Never reuse
- 9. Wash mannequin head every night with shampoo and conditioner
- 10. Keep your station/work area tidy at all times
What is the cuticle? (4)
The transparent outer layer of the hair shaft
Scale-like appearance is formed by cells that are pushed flat as they emerge from the hair follicle, creativing a seal
Locks in moisture
3 parts to a Strand of hair?
- 1. Cuticle
- 2. Cortex
- 3. Medulla
What is Form? (3)
- Overall OUTLINE of all the style
- -as seen from ALL ANGLES
What is the Hair Follicle? (3)
Each strand of hair grows from a follicle
Where the hair grows from
The living part
Where hair starts its journey
What is the Cortex?
Cells that contain pigment (producted in medulla)
Cells help together by carotene
Caratene is responsible for hair's elasticity
No Moister = No elasticity
What is Carotene responsible for?
Holds the cells together
Responsible for hairs elasticity
Characteristics of wavy, course hair?
Can become very wide and look unruly if not shaped properly
Flat iron or themal waving works best
Characteristics of Curly, Fine hair?
when look it will seperate and expose the scalp unless hair is thick and dense
Characteristics of curly, medium hair?
Creates a wide silhouette
When left natural will give a soft romantic look
Use proper products to avoid hair looking frizzy
Characteristics of curly, coarse hair?
Needs heavy styling products to weigh hair down
Can overwhelm any client
3 Factors that effect hair type?
- 1. Porosity
- 2. Elasticity
- 3. Ethnic backgroung
What is Porosity?
How absorbent hair is to moisture
Damaged hair = very porous
Porous hair dries faster therefore use less hair to avoid breakage
ABILITY TO HOLD MOSTURE
What is Elasticity?
Hair's ability to stretch and return to it's original length without breaking
How does a person's ethnic background affect hair type?
Helps when deciding which products are necessary to achieve hairstyles
- African = coarse, curly hair
- Asian = Straight, coarse hair
What and where are the sections of the head? (6)
- 1. Crown (top of head)
- 2. Front center of hairline (where hairline starts)
- 3. Center of top of head
- 4. Top of ear
- 5. Nape area
- 6. Base hairline
What are the 3 shades of pigment produced byb the medulla?
2 ways to decide hair type?
- 1. Wave pattern
- 2. Texture
What are 4 wave patterns?
- 1. Straight
- 2. Wavy
- 3. Curly
- 4. Extremely curly
3 Basic hair textures?
- 1. Fine
- 2. Medium
- 3. Coarse
Characteristics of Fine, Straight hair?
Hugs head due to lack of body and volume
Silhouette is small and narrow
Must choose correct volume products to support hair
Fragile, must be careful with heat temperatures
Difficult to hold styles
Characteristics of Straight, Medium hair?
Lots of versatility in stying
Responds really well to blow-drying with different sized brushes and rollers and hot tools
Nice amount of movement
Characteristic of Straight, Coarse hair? (5)
Hard to curl
Carries more volume than other types of hair
Responds well to thermal styling
- Flat brush works well
- Round brush = poofy
Characteristics of Wavy, fine hair? (2)
Responds well to blow-drying
Can be fragile so must be careful with it
Characteristics of Wavy, Medium hair? (4)
Most versatility in styling
- Most hairstyles work on this type
- (ex: diffuse to look curly or straightened by blow drying)
Good resuts with brushes, curling irons, rollers, etc.