Oklahoma History Unit 4

  1. After Civil War, the (tribe) or (individuals) owned the Indian land given to them by the government?
  2. Define "Tenant Farmer"
    A farmer who cleared land and planted crops but did not own the land
  3. The Civil War had (brought together) or (further divided) the Creek Nation?
    Further Divided
  4. Define Lighthorsemen
    Tribal Policemen
  5. Define "Seminaries"
    Residential Schools
  6. After the Civil War, how did the Cherokees make money from the cattlemen?
    Leasing rich grassland
  7. What was the job of the Freedmen's Bureau?
    Assist the transition from slave to freemen
  8. Define "Segregation"
    Seperation by race
  9. What 3 changes took place as the Native Americans began to re-build their economy?
    Cattle > Buffalo, Coal Mining, Railroads replaced wagon trails
  10. Define "Railhead"
    The endof the railroad lines
  11. Define "Drover"
    Trail driver
  12. Why were cattle drives necessary?
    Easier to get cattle to move
  13. Why did some states (Missouri-Kansas) stop the cattle drives from coming into their state?
    To stop the spread of diseases
  14. Define "Quarantine"
    A restriction to stop people/animals movement to stop spread of diseases
  15. What 4 things contributed to the end of cattle drives?
    Spread of Diseases, ????, ????, ????
  16. What was the first railroad in Indian Territory (1870)?
    Katy Line
  17. What was the name of the man that leased land from the Choctaw fro the purpose of harvesting coal?
    James J. McAlester
  18. Define "Roalty"
    payment for the right to exploit a natural resource
  19. Why did mining cause Indian Territory to be considered a "melting pot"?
    it had multiple races in it
  20. Define "Strike"
    employees stop working until demands are met
  21. In the late 1800's, the demand for (oil) or (coal) was greater
  22. What invention caused the demand for oil to increase?
  23. What caused the most trouble in Indian Territory?
  24. Why was Indian Territory a favorite hideout for outlaws?
    The territory was ??????
  25. Define "Jurisdiction"
    A range of influence over which a court has control or influence
  26. Who was called the "Hanging Judge"?
    Isaac Parker
  27. In 1870, federal policy toward Indians changed from removal treaties and reservations to
    Breaking up the Indian Nations
  28. What did the Dawes Act take away from the tribes?
    Tribal ownership of land
  29. How many tribes protested against allotment taht was proposed by the Dawes Act?
  30. Who were the first tribes to sign allotment agreements?
    Choctaw & Chickasaw
  31. What did the Curtis Act take away from the Indian tribes?
    Tribal rights
  32. Who was "Crazy Snake"?
    Led a group of Creek who formed a seperate government in defiance of the Dawes Commission
  33. Why did Crazy Snake's followers accept an allotment?
    They didn't want to go to jail
  34. Define "Boomer"
    Those who took part in the land booms in the 1800's
  35. David L. Payne (leader of the Boomer movement) attempted to lead settlers illegally into the territory. As a result, what judge did he have to go see?
    Judge Parker
  36. What tent settlement was David L. Payne responsible for in 1884?
    Rock Falls
  37. What newspaper was David L. Payne responsible for starting?
    The Oklahoma War Chief
  38. Who was forbidden to be in Indian Territory according to federal law?
  39. How did the Indians fight the Boomer Movement?
    Sent delegates to Washington DC to remind officials fo their obligations to the Indians
  40. What did the "Springer Amendment" do in March 1889?
    Opened the unassigned lands to settlement.
  41. Define "Sooner"
    A person who crossed the starting line of a land run before the appointed time
  42. Who was the President of the U.S. that authorized the first land run
    Benjamin Harrison
  43. List 7 ways participants raced for land.
    Buggies, Surreys, Bicycles, Mules, Foot, Trains, Wagons & Horses
  44. Define "Cornerstone"
    Markers for areas of land
  45. Why was the cornerstone important?
    Contained description of land
  46. What was the most common form of house built by the settlers of the first land run?
    Sod House
  47. What did the "Organic Act" do?
    Surplus land became part of Oklahoma Territory
  48. What town became the territorial capital?
  49. No Man's Land became what county until statehood?
    Beaver County
  50. Who was the first Territorial Governor?
    George W. Steele
  51. What was the first item addressed by the first territorial legislature?
    To provide care & custom for persons convicted by territorial law
  52. What were the first 3 universities established by the territorial legislature, where were they and what type of education?
    • University, Norman, Territorial
    • College, Stillwater, Agricultural & Mechanical
    • Normal School, Edmond Teacher Training
  53. What did the Cherokee (Jerome) Commission do?
    Work out agreements with the Native Americans to allot tribal lands
  54. When was the last land run?
    May 23, 1895
  55. After the 5 land runs, what method was used to distribute the rest of the land?
  56. Why were railroads important to a community?
    Mode things happen faster
  57. Define "Interurban"
    Short railroads or electric trolleys
  58. What two things did Tulsa do to get the railroad to come through their town?
    $12,000 Bonus, A fight-of-way land
  59. What was the first cash (money) crop planted by settlers?
    Sorghum Cane
  60. Define "Boll Weevil"
    An insect that attacks the ball of the cotton plant
  61. What were the 5 minerals that were mined in the territory during this time?
    Salt, Coal, Lead, Zinc Gypsum
  62. Why did leaders of the Five Tribes oppose joining Indian Territory and Oklahoma Territory into a single state?
    Their population was growing
  63. What was the name of the proposed Indian state?
  64. Where was it's convention to be held?
  65. List 3 things it's constitution would include
    Bill of Rights, 3 Branches of Government, System of Checks and Balances
  66. Define "Enabling Act"
    Legislation that enables a person or government agency to do something they could not do before
  67. List 4 things that Oklahoma's Constitution would include
    3 Branches of Government, Checks & Balances, Elected Officials, Bicameral Legislature
  68. According to the "Progressives" who was the best equipped to deal with societies problems?
  69. List 5 things the Progressives wanted to accomplish
    • Regulate Business
    • Break up large corporations
    • Wanted people to have more say in government
    • Senators elected by the people
    • Referendum
  70. Who would serve as head of the executive branch in Oklahoma?
  71. How many elected officials would be in this branch?
  72. How long ws the Governor's term to be?
    4 years
  73. Define "Bicaleral"
    Two house
  74. Define "Referendum"
    Citizens vote on a law before it goes into effect
  75. Define "Amandment"
    An addition to a document such as a constitution
  76. Define "Initiative"
    citizens propose a law ro amendment
  77. Define "Suffrage"
    The right to vote
  78. Define "Prohibition"
    Forbidding by law the making/selling of alcoholic beverages
  79. Define "Charter"
    official permission to operate
  80. When did Oklahoma become a State?
    November 16, 1907
  81. Oklahoma becase which state in the union?
  82. Who was the last territorial governor?
    Frank Frantz
  83. Who was the first state Governor?
    Charles Haskell
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Oklahoma History Unit 4