Anatomy and Physiology

  1. Trapezius
    moves head
  2. rectus abdominus
    responsible for maintaining posture, flexing lumbar spine, and aids in breathing.
  3. Sartorius
    moves leg
  4. quadriceps femoris group
    moves leg
  5. fibularis longus
    moves ankle and foot
  6. tibialis anterior
    moves ankle and foot
  7. frontalis
    facial expression
  8. obicularis occuli
    facial expression
  9. massseter
  10. obicularis oris
    facial expression
  11. sternocleidomastoid
    moves head
  12. deltoid
    moves arm
  13. pectoralis major
    moves arm
  14. biceps brachii
    flexes arm
  15. brachialis
    flexes arm
  16. triceps brachii
    extension of arm
  17. hamstring group
    moves leg
  18. gastrocnemius
    moves ankle and foot
  19. latissimus dorsi
    moves arm
  20. gluteus maximus
    moves thigh
  21. zygomaticus
    facial expression
  22. Temporalis
  23. tongue
  24. buccinator
  25. suprahyoid
  26. infrahyoid
  27. Palatini
  28. external intercostals
  29. internal intercostals
  30. diaphragm
  31. iliopsoas
    moves thigh
  32. external obliques
    flexion and rotation of vertebra
  33. internal obliques
    breathing, rotates and side bends trunk
  34. transversus abdominus
    thoracic and pelvic stability, aids in labor
  35. serratus anterior
    moves scapula
  36. rotator cuff muscles
    moves arm
  37. The term for the expanded portion at the ends of a long bone is

    C.   epiphysis
  38. Which type of bone cell breaks down bone and deposits calcium into blood.

    A.   osteoclast
  39. The term for a rounded opening through a bone is

    B. foramen.
  40. Which of the following are cranial bones

    D.   a & b
  41. The name for the first cervical vertebra is the

    D.   atlas
  42. The most superior part of the sternum is the:

    D.   manubrium
  43. The glenoid process is part of which bone?

    B. scapula
  44. The acetabellum is a part of which bone?

    D. coxal bone
  45. Which bone forms the heel?

    B.   Calcaneus
  46. A joint that is slightly movable is called?

    C.   amphithrosis
  47. The joint found between the atlas and the axis is what type of synovial joint?

    A. pivot
  48. Choose the phrase you could use when describing the skeletal muscle?

    D. b and c.
  49. Select the connective tissue covering of a muscle that is most superficial.

    C. epimysium
  50. The portion of the muscle cell membrane that extends into the muscle and conveys nerve signals is called the:

    D.   transverse (T) tubules
  51. Thin filaments are composed of

    A.   actin, troponin, tropomysin
  52. Which of the following is the process in the muscle cell that requires oxygen to produce ATP?

    C.   cellular respiration
  53. A motor unit is:

    D. a motor nerve and all of the muscle fibers it inervates.
  54. An increase in muscle size caused by increasing the number of myofibrils in individual muscle cells is called

    B.   hypertrophy
  55. A certain muscle produces most of its energy aerobically, contains many mitochondria, contracts quickly, and is resistant to fatigue.  What kind is it?

    A. intermediate twitch fiber.
  56. What muscle is named for its shape?

    C.   latissimus dorsi
  57. Which muscle of facial expression is also used for swallowing?

    a. frontalis
    b.  masseter
    c.  zygomaticus
    d.  buccinator
  58. Which arm muscle extends the forearm?

    B. triceps brachii
  59. Which of the following types of neurons are multipolar?

    D.   both motor neurons and interneurons
  60. During an action potential , depolarization occurs because

    a.  channels for sodium ions in the cell membrane open and sodium flows into the cell

    b.  channels for potassium ions open and potassium leaves the cell.

    c.  the sodium-potassium pump returns sodium to the outside of the cell and potassium to the inside.
    a.  channels for sodium ions in the cell membrane open and sodium flows into the cell.
  61. An excitatory neurotransmitter escites the post-synaptic cell because:

    C. it opens the sodium channels so sodium can enter the cell.
  62. The deepest of the three meninges is

    B. pia mater
  63. Which of the following is correct?

    B.   the primary somatasensory area is in the parietal lobe
  64. Which structure integrates motor commands to make sure that proper muscle groups are activated or inhibited?

    C.   basal nuclei
  65. Which of the following cranial nerves transmits sensory signals about hearing and ballance?

    B. vestibular cochlear
  66. Which spinal nerve supplies the diaphragm?

    C.   phrenic
  67. Put the following parts of a reflex in the correct order
     1.  effector,
    2.  sensory receptor,
    3.   motor nerve,
    4. sensory nerve,
    5.   interneuron.

    A. 2-4-5-3-1
  68. A ______ carries nerve impulses away from the cell body.
  69. During the depolarization portion of an action potential _______ ions are moving to the ______ of the nerve fiber
    sodium, inside
  70. the space between the axon ending of one neuron and the dendrite of another is the _______
    synaptic cleft
  71. Ach is broken down by the enzyme ______ after it has initiated the action potential
  72. Motor nerves stimulate _______/
  73. In a simple reflex pathway only the _____ is found entirely in the CNS.
  74. The ______ is the part of the brain responsible for coordinating movement
  75. The _____ is the part of the brain responsible for consciousness.
    reticular formation
  76. The brain and spinal cord are covered protective layers called _______.
  77. ______ muscle is uninucleated, non-striated and located in the walls of internal organs.
    smooth muscle
  78. the fascia called _______ seperate muscle fibers from one another within a fassicle.
  79. When a muscle a fiber contracts, an _______ myofilament slides past a myosin myofilament.
  80. The energy molecule _______ is needed for muscle fiber contraction.
  81. Whole muscles have ________, a condition in which some fibers are always contracted.
  82. When muscles contract, the _____ does most of the work but _______s help.
    prime mover, synergist help.
  83. The _____ is a muscle in the arm that has two origins
    biceps brachii
  84. The _____ acts as the origin of the latissimus dorsi and the _____ acts as the insertion during most activity.
    lower spine, humerus
  85. Sensory receptors for pain are called

    A. nociceptors
  86. Which of the following is a receptor for fine touch

    B. Meisner corpuscle.
  87. Following are pairs senory receptor and stimuli to which they respond.  choose correct pairs.

    D. a and b
  88. Which of the following states about sensation of taste is correct.

    E. all of the above
  89. A correct statement about smell is

    a.  taste and smell sensation travels through some of the brain area.

    b.  olfactory epithelium is located right at the entrance to the nasal cavity.

    c.  an odor is made by a single type of odor molecule.

    d.  a and c

    e. all of the above.
    a.  taste and smeall sensation travels through the same brain area.
  90. Complete the statement the gustatory control center is located in the ____ lobe and olfactory is located in the ____ lobe.

    A. insula and temporal
  91. Which of the fllowing structures is part of the choroid?

    d cornea
    B. iris
  92. The posterior compartment of the eye is filled with

    C. vitreous humor
  93. Which statement is true?

    A. Light stimulus to rod cells the release of neurotransmitter from the rods.
Card Set
Anatomy and Physiology
skeletal system, muscular system, nervous system.