chpt 30.txt

  1. Breath-holding Syncope
    Loss of consciousness caused by a decreased breathing stimulus.
  2. Bends
    Common name for decompression sickness.
  3. Decompression Sickness
    A painful condition seen in divers who ascend too quickly, in which gas, especially nitrogen, forms bubbles in blood vessels and other tissues; also called "the bends."
  4. Drowning
    The process of experiencing respiratory impairment from submersion or immersion in liquid.
  5. Heat Cramps
    Painful muscle spasms usually associated with vigorous activity in a hot environment.
  6. Diving Reflex
    Slowing of the heart rate caused by submersion in cold water.
  7. Dysbarism Injuries
    Any signs and symptoms caused by the difference between the surrounding atmospheric pressure and the total gas pressure in various tissues, fluids, and cavities of the body.
  8. Frostbite
    Damage to tissues as the result of exposure to cold; frozen or partially frozen body parts are frostbitten.
  9. Heat Exhaustion
    A form of heat injury in which the body loses significant amounts of fluid and electrolytes because of heavy sweating; also called heat prostration or heat collapse.
  10. Heatstroke
    • A life-threatening condition of severe
    • hyperthermia caused by exposure to excessive natural or artificial heat, marked by warm, dry skin; severely altered mental status; and often irreversible coma
  11. Hyperthermia
    A condition in which the body core temperature rises to 101°F (38.3°C) or more.
  12. Radiation
    The transfer of heat to colder objects in the environment by radiant energy, for example heat gain from a fire.
  13. Reverse Triage
    A triage process in which efforts are focused on those who are in respiratory and cardiac arrest, and different from conventional triage where such patients would be classified as deceased. Used in triaging multiple victims of a lightning strike.
  14. Hymenoptera
    A family of insects that includes bees, wasps, ants, and yellow jackets.
  15. Hypothermia A condition in which the internal body temperature falls below 95°F (35°C), usually as a result of prolonged exposure to cool or freezing temperatures.
  16. SCUBA
    A system that delivers air to the mouth and lungs at various atmospheric pressures, increasing with the depth of the dive; stands for self-contained underwater breathing apparatus.
Card Set
chpt 30.txt
vocab chpt 30