Chpt. 25

  1. All chemical rxns in an organism

    A) metabolism
  2. _____ includes all chemical reactions w/in cells and provides energy to maintain homeowstatis & perform essential functions.

    B) cellular metabolism
  3. The ______ is a source of substrates for catabolism and anabolism.

    D) nutrient pool
  4. _______ is the breakdown of organic substrates; releases energy.

    A) catabolism
  5. ______ is the synthesis of new organic molecules.

    A) anabolism
  6. Which is a function of organic compounds?

    C) all of these
  7. ____ is the major stored carb

    D) glycogen
  8. The most abundant form of stored lipids is:

    A) triglycerides
  9. Equation for carbohydrate metabolism:
    glucose + O2 --> ___ + ____
    CO2 + H2O
  10. One molecule of glucose nets __ molecules of ATP

    B) 36
  11. T/F: glycolysis requires oxygen
  12. ___________ occurs in the mitochondria, consumes oxygen and produces ATP

    A) cellular respiration
  13. You can get Acetly CoA from:

    D) all (can get from many different sources)
  14. The ETS (electron transport system) yields the ____ ATP molecules.
    a) least
    b) most
    b) most (generates 28/36)
  15. The coenzymes of the TCA Cycle are

    D) NAD and FAD
  16. The role of NAD and FAD in the TCA cycle is

    A) remove hydrogen atoms from organic substrates
  17. More ATP energy is produced from ___
    a) NAD
    b) FAD
    a) NAD
  18. Gluconeogenesis synthesizes glucose from

    C) all of these
  19. Glycogen is stored:

    B) in the liver and the skeletal muscle
  20. Conversion of fatty acids to acetyl-CoA is called

    C) beta-oxidation
  21. Most lipids circulate through the bloodstream as

    D) lipoproteins
  22. _______ converts amino acids to a different amino acid.

    A) transamination
  23. __________ removes and does NOT recycle the amino group

    C) deamination
  24. During the post-absorptive state, these is a ____ reliance on ketone bodies and fatty acids.

    A) increased
  25. Hepatocytes

    A) all of these
  26. Which is NOT a type of nitrogen compound?

    A) FAD/NAD
  27. T/F: Nitrogen atoms are stored in the body
    F: must be obtained by N recycling w/in the body or from the diet
Card Set
Chpt. 25
metabolism, anatomy