1. Adrenergic
    Mimics activity of dopamine sympathetic nervous system; treatment of shock, cardiac arrest.

    Epinephrine, dopamine, dobutamine, norepinephrine,
  2. Adrenergic Blocker
    lowers blood pressure by stimulating alpha-adrenergic receptors in the CNS, causing vasodilation.

    Lopressor, Tenormin, Catapres, Coreg, Labetalol, Clonidine, Atenolol
  3. Anesthetic
    Produce loss of feeling or sensation.

    Xylocaine, marcaine ketamine
  4. Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors
    lowers the blood pressure by blocking the conversion of angiotension I to angiotension II.

    Capoten, Zestril, Altace, Accupril, Vasotec
  5. Antacid
    used to treat ulcers by neutralizing gastric acid.

    Riopan, Tums, Milk of Magnesia
  6. Antianemic
    prevention and treatment of anemias.

    Epogen, Niferex, ferrous sulfate
  7. Antianginal
    increases blood flow to Coronary arteries, resulting in complete or partial relief of symptoms.

    Isordil, nitroglycerin, Norvasc, Cardizem, Nifedipine, Isosorbide, Procardia, verapamil
  8. Antianxiety
    used in the management of various forms of anxiety; cause generalized CNS depression

    Valium, Xanax, Ativan, Effexor, BuSpar
  9. Antiarrhythmic
    suppression of cardiac arrhythmias

    Lidocaine, quinidine, Pronestyl, verapamil, amiodarone
  10. Antiasthmatics
    management of acute and chronic episodes of reversible bronchoconstriction

    Albuterol, Serevent, Xopenex, Singulair, fluticasone, Atrovent, Pulmicort
  11. Anticholinergic
    completely inhibit the activity (cholinergic blocker) of acetylcholine

    Atropine, Scopolamine, Atrovent, Detrol, Ditropan
  12. Anticoagulant
    prevent the formation and extension of a thrombus; interfere with clotting mechanism

    Coumadin, heparin, Lovenox, Arixtra, Fragmin, Plavix, Vitamin K, Protamine Sulfate
  13. Anticonvulsant
    decrease or eliminate the occurrence of seizures

    Dilantin, phenobarbital, Tegretol, Klonopin, Neurontin, Cerebyx, Valium, Depakote
  14. Antidepressant
    used in the treatment of Various forms of endogenous depression

    Elavil, Prozac, Lexapro, Paxil, Zoloft, Wellbutrin
  15. Antidiabetic
    used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus; lowers blood glucose levels; includes insulin & oral hypoglycemics

    Humulin R, Glucotrol, Diabinese, Glynase, Glyburide, Metformin, Prandin, Avandia, Amaryl, Actos Glucophage, Lantus, Humolog, Lispro, Insulin-NPH, Glucagon, Detemir
  16. Antidiarrheal
    control of acute and chronic diarrhea; slows intestinal motility and propulsion

    Lomotil, Imodium
  17. Antidote
    counteracts poisons & their effects

    Narcan, Vit. K
  18. Antiemetic
    treats or prevents nausea & vomiting

    Phenergan, Zofran, Reglan, Compazine
  19. Antifungal
    treatment of fungal infections

    Diflucan, Lotrimin, Nizoral, Monistat, Sporanox
  20. Antiglaucoma Agent
    decreases intraocular pressure

    Timoptic, Betoptic, pilocarpine
  21. Antigout agent
    reduces inflammatory response or lowers serum uric acid

    allopurinol, Probenecid
  22. Antihelmintic
    used to treat worms (roundworms, pinworms, tapeworms, etc)

  23. Antihistamine
    block the effects of histamine at the H1 receptor; relieves symptoms of an allergic reaction

    Benadryl, Tavist, Claritin, Zyrtec, Allegra, phenergan
  24. Antihypertensive
    treatment of hypertension; lowers the blood pressure

    Catapress, Tenormin, Lopressor, Toprol, Cardizem, Procardia, Coreg, Vasotec, Zestril, Clonidine, Capoten, Diovan, Nifedipine, Altace, Losaartan
  25. Anti-infective
    treatment and prophylaxis of various bacterial infections

    Ampicillin, Augmentin, Keflex, Cipro, Maxipime Rocephin, Ancef, Tobramycin, Unasyn, Vancomycin, Zosyn, Penicillin
  26. Antineoplastic
    inhibit the maturation and proliferation of malignant cells; used in treatment of various tumors, lymphomas, leukemias

    Myleran, Cytoxan, methotrexate, tamoxifen, Oncovin
  27. Antiplatelet
    used to treat and/or prevent stroke and myocardial infarction; inhibits platelet aggregation

    dipyridamole, aspirin, Plavix, Ticlid
  28. Antiparkinson Agent
    relieve the symptoms of Parkinson’s & assist in maintaining pt’s mobility

    Sinemet, Symmetrel, carbidopa/levodopa, Cogentin, Artane
  29. Antipsychotic
    management of acute & chronic psychoses; blocks dopamine receptors in brain

    Haldol, Zyprexa, Compazine, Risperdal
  30. Antipyretic
    reduces fever

    Acetaminophen (Tylenol), aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil)
  31. Antiretroviral
    management of HIV infection

    AZT, Epivir, Norvir, Invirase, Viracept
  32. Antirheumatic
    management of rheumatoid arthritis

    cortisone, prednisone, Celebrex
  33. Antitubercular
    destroy or inhibit the growth of mycobacteria; treatment of tuberculosis

    isoniazid, rifampin
  34. Antitussive
    relieve coughing

    Codeine, Mucomyst, Tessalon Pearles, dextromethorphan, Guaifenesin
  35. Antiulcer agent
    neutralize or reduce the acidity of stomach & duodenal contents

    Protonix, Prevacid, Pepcid, Nexium, Tagamet, Zantac
  36. Antiviral
    inhibit viral replication

    Zovirax, Valtrex, Tamiflu, Acyclovir, Combivir, Rimantidine
  37. Beta Blocker
    block the effects of the sympathetic nervous system; management of hypertension, angina, CHF, glaucoma

    Tenormin, Lopressor, Corgard, Timoptic, Inderal, Zebeta
  38. Bone Resorption Inhibitor
    treat and prevent osteoporosis

    Fosamax, Actonel, Evista
  39. Bronchodilator
    relaxes bronchial muscles & dilates the bronchi

    Proventil (albuterol), Alupent, Isuprel, Xopenex
  40. Calcium Channel Blocker
    block calcium entry into vascular smooth muscle & myocardium; dilate coronary arteries; treatment of HTN

    Norvasc, diltiazem, Procardia
  41. Cholinergic
    mimic the activity of the parasympathetic nervous system

    pilocarpine, Urecholine
  42. Corticosteroid
    modify the normal immune Inflammation response & suppress

    prednisone, cortisone, (glucocorticoid), SoluMedrol, Flovent, Decadron
  43. Decongestant
    reduces swelling of the nasal passages

    Sudafed, Afrin
  44. Diuretic
    increases the secretion of urine by the kidneys; treatment of HTN, edema associated with CHF

    Lasix, Diuril, Lozol, Bumex, Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ), Aldactone, Zaroxolyn, Mannitol, Spironlactone
  45. Electrolyte
    used to treat electrolyte Imbalances

    sodium bicarbonate, potassium chloride, sodium chloride, magnesium chloride
  46. Expectorant
    help raise respiratory secretions

    Robitussin, guaifenesin
  47. Hormone
    chemical substance produced by glands & secreted into bloodstream, regulating bloodstream, regulating activity of certain body organs

    insulin, estrogen, progesterone, oxytocin, Synthroid
  48. Immune globulin
    provide immediate, short term immunity by injection of ready made antibodies from another human or an animal

    HBIG (hepatitis B Immune globulin), RhoGAM
  49. Immunosuppressant
    inhibit cell-mediated immune responses

    Imuran, methotrexate, Cytoxan, Prograf
  50. Inotropic agent
    increase cardiac output mainly by direct myocardial effects & some peripheral vascular effects

    Digoxin, Lanoxin (Cardiotonic)
  51. Laxative
    used to treat or prevent constipation

    Metamucil, Surfak, Colace, Dulcolax, MOM, Senokot, Lactulose, Golytely, Bisacodyl
  52. Lipid-lowering Agent
    reduces blood lipids

    Lescol, Zetia, Mevacor, Zocor, Lipitor, Crestor, Lopid, Simvastatin, Pravastatin, Questran
  53. Miotic
    contracts the pupil of the eye

  54. Mydriatic
    dilates the pupil of the eye

  55. Nonopioid Analgesic
    used to control mild to moderate pain

    aspirin, acetaminophen, ibuprofen (nonnarcotic)
  56. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID)
    used to treat inflammatory conditions

    Celebrex, Aleve, Naproxen, Toradol, Mobic
  57. Opioid analgesic
    management of moderate to severe pain

    Morphine, Vicodin/Lortab Meperidine, Darvocet-N, Codeine, Fentanyl, Dilaudid, Norco, Ultram, Stadol
  58. Sedative/Hypnotic
    used to treat various anxiety states & to provide sedation before procedures; used to treat insomnia

    Xanax, Valium, Versed, Restoril
  59. Skeletal muscle Relaxant
    used to treat spasticity associated with spinal cord disease or relief of acute painful musculoskeletal conditions

    Valium, Soma, Flexeril
  60. Sulfonamide
    Bactrim, silvadene
  61. Thrombolytic
    dissolve blood clots

    urokinase, streptokinase, t-PA
  62. Toxoid
    stimulate the immune response to specific toxins

    DTP (diphtheria, tetanus & pertussis)
  63. Vaccine
    stimulate the immune response within the body to specific antigens

    HBV (hepatitis B vaccine), MMR (measles, mumps, rubella vaccine)
  64. Vasodilator
    produce relaxation of blood vessels; lowers BP

    Isordil, nitroglycerin, Persantine
  65. Vasopressor
    produce contraction of the blood vessels

    dopamine, epinephrine
  66. Vitamin
    prevent and treat vitamin deficiencies

    Folic acid, Feosol, Nicobid, Calcimar,Aqua-mephyton
Card Set
Drugs for LVN Program