What are key dates relating to NZs history?
- 1769 - Cook Arrived in NZ
- 1833- James Busby arrived to act as a peace settler
- 1840 Feb 6th - Treaty of waitangi Signed
- 1888 - First NZ native rugby team went to England
- 1985- Waitangi Tribunal re-looked at
What are the three parts to the treaty?
- 1) Governship - The maori believed they gave the British Crown governship in return for promise of protection and they still got to keep their own stuff (resources etc)
- 2) Sovereignty - The British Crown believed they were being handed all of the power including all things important to Maori (fisheries, cluture, land)
- 3) Unity - Maori given the same rights as Britain.
- THESE THREE WORDS WERE LOST IN TRANSLATION
List and explain the 5 priniples to the treaty
- 1) Partnership- Working togethor (maori and pakeha) recognising grey patches exist in treaty
- 2) Active protection - The Crowns obligation to ensure protection of all things important to maori (land, fisheries, culture)
- 3) Redress - The treaty is there to go back and fix past wrongs. This is a form of compensation or remedy
- 4) Reciprocity - Equal staus to all treaty partners, the crown has to act in good faith
- 5) Mutual Benefit - The needs of both parties are to be considered equally
List three ways the treaty was dishonored
- 1) Land owndership for maori was reduced. all unused land was given to the crown
- 2) Culture, values, language was stolen (by 1875 all schools language was in English)
- 3) Maori were only granted 10% of the fishing quoter (1989)
What can we do as a teacher to meet aspects of the treaty?
- - Teach inclusivly, providing everyone with equal opportunities
- - On TV we see soverignty as 'Land' where in actual fact it is much more, we could educate and teach about other aspects e.g. culture etc
Explain what the Ka Hikitia document is about
- - It is an initiative to include Maori students in schools and prevent drop outs. the initiative is undergone from early childhood right through to tertiary.
- - It aims to keep Maori practises and culture in education.
What are examples of things you could do to meet aspects of the Ka Hikitia document?
- - Incorporate Maori language in everyday school
- - Raise mMaori acheivement
- - Communication between the school and local iwi
- - Personalise education strategoes to meet the needs of students aspirations and expectations
What is Te Kotahitanga?
- The Solutions! It is a profressional developement in place to improve the educational acheivement of Maori students in mainstreem secondary school classrooms.
- This is due to the rising problem of underacheivement among Maori students in Mainstreem schools
Explain the 5 solutions for better maori acheivement?
- 1) Tino Rangatiratanga (Self determination)- Maori have the right to determine their own destiny (self-determination to attain it). Bruner suggests this participation bring commitment
- 2) Taonga Tuku Iho (Cultural aspirations)- Literally meaning the treasures from our anscestors. This message provides a set of principles by which we should live our lives
- 3) Ako (reciprocal Learning) - The teacher does not have the fountain of all knowledge, but rather should be a partner in the conversation of learning
- 4) Whanau (family) - Whanae is a primary concept which contains both values and cultural practises. This can be an immense problem in mainstream schools
- 5) Kaupapa (coellective vision) - Maori movement suggests students acheive better whenthere is a close relationship between home and school in terms of aspirations, languages and cultures.
Four pedagogies were offered to establish relationships in a Maori context
- 1) Narrative Pedagogy - Rather than learning being seen as transmitted information from one person to the other, it is looked upon as the outcome from interactions with other people/groups. This means each learner has to construct learning for themself and offers self determination.
- 2) Problem Based Active Methodology - Problems are identifies as being the meaning for constuction of new knowledge/meanings. This means students assess problems and seek resolutions.
- 3) Cooperative Learning Strategies - many different approaches are developed for cooperative learning4) Curriculum Integration - knowledge is related to problem solving, and the ongoing process of critical analysis of society,