refers to a particular legal philosophy of judicial interpretation that limits or restricts judicial interpretation. In the United States the phrase is also commonly used more loosely as a generic term for conservatism among the judiciary.
Alien and Sedition Acts
were four bills passed in 1798 by the Federalists in the 5th United States Congress during an undeclared naval war with France, later known as the Quasi-War
is the doctrine in democratic theory under which legislative and executive actions are subject to review, and possible invalidation, by the judiciary.
Battle of new orleans
was a prolonged battle which took place around New Orleans, Louisiana, from December 23, 1814, to January 26, 1815, and was the final major battle of the War of 1812.
was a treaty between the United States and Great Britain which averted war, solved many issues left over from the American Revolution, and opened ten years of largely peaceful trade in the midst of the French Revolutionary Wars.[
was a literate enslaved blacksmith who planned to lead a large slave rebellion in the Richmond area in the summer of 1800.
is a term originally used to describe members of the Twelfth Congress of the United States who advocated waging war against the United Kingdom in the War of 1812
Treaty of Ghent
was the peace treaty that ended the War of 1812 between the United States of America and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
an excise tax on whiskey that was a central grievance of the westerners.
Marbury v. Madison
This case resulted from a petition to the Supreme Court by William Marbury, who had been appointed by President John Adams as Justice of the Peace in the District of Columbia but whose commission was not subsequently delivered.
Battle of Horseshoe bend
which was formed by a change in course of the Pecatonica River. The battle was a major turning point in the Black Hawk War, despite being of only minor military significance.
opposition to the war reached the point where secession from the United States was discussed.