1. Define Scene
    • Unit of story that takes place in a single location during a continuous
    • time period.
  2. Define Tone
    • The feel of the story
    • - a feel that affects every element. It gives a movie it's distinct
    • personality - like the tints and hues a painter uses.
  3. Define Subtext
    There should always be more going on than what we actually see and hear. It’s the scene’s SECRET – the hidden story and usually the clues to it are inthe script.
  4. Define Voice
    The Style of writing
  5. Define Logline
    • one or two sentence encapsulation of your story. ‘The story in a nutshell.’ Usually 25
    • words or less.
  6. Things antagonists must do:

    Rolling Laughing Falling Riot
    • 1) Receive the protagonists’ action
    • 2) Leads the opposition
    • 3) Frustrates the protagonist’s effort to
    • solve the problem of the story.
    • 4) Must REACT more than ACT
  7. Tips for dialogue
    • 1) Dance around the subject – clever way to ‘not’
    • talk about something by talking about it!

    2) Say the opposite

    3) Explode Clichés

    4) Be zippy!

    5) Banter is better

    6) Character through dialogue

    7) Personalized slang

    8) Anti-dialogue

    9) Contrast between characters

    10) Contrast to location

    11) Understatement IS a statement

    12) Humor!!

    13) Shortest distance

    14) Five-line rule

    15) Use contractions

    16)Always ask ‘Why is this character speaking?’
  8. When to use voice over
    IFBL – I Feel Big Little

    Kind of as a prologue, or as a framing device

    To bridge time

    To lend a poetic or literary touch

    To reveal interior thought
  9. Subtext achieves three crucial things
    Makes dialogue more realistic

    Adds layer of dramatic tension – tension between the spoken and unspoken

    Makes the audience an active part of the drama – they have to really listen!
  10. First Ten Pages - C S C A H
    1) Who the lead character is going to be

    2) What the story is going to be about

    3) What the central conflict will be

    4) What the lead character’s arc will be

    5) Concept/hook
  11. Voice can be influenced by:
    N-PC Non-Player Character

    • Nature of the story: action/adventure (fast and furious writing vs. a quiet southern
    • drama)

    • Personalities of the main characters: (Educated Miles “Sideways” vs. Thelma and Louise –
    • never went to college!) Their background fits with the way the script is
    • written, and OFTEN lines up with the personality of the writer!
  12. Every Scene Needs:
    • 1. Relevance
    • – the scene must be important, if not crucial.

    • 2. Conflict –
    • the scene must contain a clash of objectives and obstacles; what someone
    • wants and what’s getting in the way.

    • 3. Structure
    • – the scenes must have a beginning, middle and an end.
  13. Logline contains:
    1. A glimpse of the protagonist

    • 2. Basic story idea, including goal and major
    • obstacle

    3. Sense of the genre
  14. Format - The basics often misused/misunderstood
    • 1) Scene headings
    • 2) Scene descriptions
    • 3) Character name
    • 4) Dialogue
    • 5) Parenthetical
  15. Other Advanced Techniques:
    Noir Confessional Flashback:

    Multiple 1st person VO:

    Inverted Structure:
Card Set
Cinema 130 Final