North and Southern Africa

  1. What countries are in Southern Africa?
    Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozanbique, Madagascar, South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland
  2. How high can the Drakensberg landform get?
    11,425 feet
  3. Name the main mountains in Southern Africa
    Inyanga mountains.
  4. What is a major landform in Southern Africa and what is it?
    The velds are open grassland areas
  5. Name the national park.
    Kruger National Park!
  6. What is/are Southern Africa's climate(s)?
    Steppe, tropical savanna, highlands, a bit of Mediterranean on cape, and a bit of humid continental. So almost all climates.
  7. Are eastern slopes:
    A: Rainy
    B: Dry
    C: What?
  8. What "climate" is most common in the interior of southern Africa?
    Semiarid with steppe and savanna vegitation
  9. Where is the Kalahari desert?
    Mostly in Botswana
  10. Where does the Namib desert lie?
    mostly along the Atlantic coast
  11. What is found along the Orange River?
    Aughrabies falls with 19 waterfalls.
  12. Name another Southern Africa river (other than the Orange river)
    Limpopo desert
  13. What are their resources? (9)
    Gold, diamonds, platinum, copper, uranium, coal, iron ore, livestock, and crops
  14. What 4 countries are landlocked?
    Swaziland, Lesotho, Botswana, and Zimbabwe
  15. What was the Apartheid?
    A policy to seperate the different peoples of Southern Africa
  16. What were the three Apartheid groups?
    Whites, blacks, and coloreds/Asians
  17. During the Apartheid, white people owned...
    Most of the good farmland, mines, and other natural resources.
  18. What were some bad conditions blacks in Southern Africa faced?
    Bad living atandards, Education was limited, live in open townships, had to work far from home, going against meant jail.
  19. Who was the ANC leader who was famous for going to jail for standing up for blacks, and was a symbol for the blacks?
    Nelson Mandela
  20. What are townships?
    Clustered areas of tiny homes that were areas that blacks had to live in.
  21. What are sanctions?
    Restrictions from one country working with another to stop bad acts.
  22. Give three examples of some sacnctions
    • Refusal to invest money
    • Refusal to trade
    • Refusal to let them join in universal organizations
  23. What were some challenges after the Apartheid?
    Wealth and industry was still mostly in white's possesion. Trying to create better working conditions and more jobs. New tensions between ethnic groups. and they are afraid if they change, the economy will plummet
  24. What is made in the Witswatersrand region?
    Computers, cars, TVs, and other modern life objects
  25. South Africa still have many more resources and industries than most African countries but it still has what?
    Severe problems
  26. What are some problems in South Africa?
    Trying to get equal education and economic oppurtunities, Crime, AIDs.
  27. How many languages are spoken in South Africa, and what is the major one?
    11, English
  28. Nelson Mandela was born...
    on July 18th, 1918 in a small SA village
  29. Whaw law firm did Nelson Mandela help to establish?
    Help blacks get equal rights and defending against the Apartheid
  30. What three charged did Nelson Mandela face when arrested?
    Treason, sabatoge, conspiracy
  31. What was Nelson Mandela's punishment?
    To go to jail for "life"
  32. When was the Apartheid wiped out?
  33. How long was Nelson Mandela in jail?
    27 years.
  34. What honours did Nelson Mandela recieve throughout his lifetime?
    • Nobel Peace Prize in 1993
    • President in 1994
    • Became ANC leader in 1990
  35. Most people live in ____ of the north or the _______ central highlands.
    Savannas, cooler
  36. Most of Namibia's income comes from mining what?
    lead, diamonds, copper, uranium, zinc
  37. Thanks to mineral ______ and _______ political conditions Botswana is one of Africa's _______ stories.
    resources, stables, success
  38. SInce Zimbabwe's independance they have stuggled to create more _____ distribution of the land and ______
    equal, wealth
  39. ______ residents make up less than ___ percent of the population, however they still own most of the ______ and the ________
    White, 1, large farms, ranches
  40. Mozambique is one of the worlds ______ countries
  41. Mozanbiques' economy was badly damaged by a civil war from ______.
  42. Mozambique if famous for its fiery _____ or ____--____ sauce, which is often served over _____ and _____
    Peppers, peri-peri, shrimp, rice
  43. Madagascar is a former ______ colony
  44. Most of Madagascar's people are still very ______.
  45. Most of Madagascar''s money comes from what?
    Sugar, coffe, cloves, and vanilla
  46. Madagascar has many ______ found no where else. Some 4 species of ______ live on this island
    animals, lemurs
  47. Descibe the Sahara desert-
    The largest desert in the world that covers most of North Africa abd stretches southward with very few inhabitants, and almost completely made of Ergs and Regs
  48. Ergs
    "Seas" of sandy dunes which cover 1/4 of the Sahara
  49. Regs
    Broad, windswept gravel plains that cover nearly 3/4 of the Sahara
  50. The ______ mountains cover the northwestern side of the Sahara rise to _________ft.
    Atlas, 13,671
  51. Depression-
    A big hole in the ground
  52. Qattara Depression-
    In western Egypt, and goes about 440 ft below sea level.
  53. Nile-
    The world's longest river,and it flows northward
  54. Silt-
    Finely ground soil good for growing crops
  55. Aswan High Dam-
    A dam built in 1971 to control flooding from the Nile
  56. most of Northern Africa is made up of the ______ climate except for the Northern coasts that are ______ climate.
    Desert, Mediteranean
  57. What plants and animals live in the deserts of North Africa
    Grasses, small shrubs, sparce trees in oases, gazelles, hyenas, baboons, foxes, and weasels
  58. ____ and gas are important resources especially in what three North Africa countries?
    Oil, Libya, Algera, Egypt
  59. About how long is the route from Europe and Asia shortened by using the Suez Canal?
    about 6,000 miles
  60. When was the Suez canal closed?
    1956-57 and 1967-75
  61. Who built the Suez Canal?
    Designed and built by French, but Egyptians were the major builders.
  62. What is the Suez Canal?
    It shortens the trip from Europe to Asia and links the Red Sea to the Mediteranean Sea
  63. Where is the Suez Canal located?
    In between Egypt and the Sanai Peninsula
  64. Why was the Suez Canal built?
    To connect different areas and shorten the journy between the two seas and Europe and Asia
  65. When was the Suez Canal built?
    1869 AD
  66. What are choke points? Why are they important?
    Narrow points ships must pass through to get to other places. Durin was, it transports ships and troops. During peace, it transports goods.
  67. How has the strategic importance of the Suez canal changed since the 1930s?
    It became a major oil transporter and many ships are way too big to use it.
  68. One of Egypt's main economic industries is _________.
  69. The _______ is another source of income because ships pay tolls to pass through it. (Egypt)
    Suez canal
  70. Algeria's main economic resource is _________.
  71. Morrocco is the only North African country with little ______ wealth. However, they are an important producer of ___________.
    oil, fertilizer
  72. About ____ percent of Tunisia's trade is with ______ countries.
    80, EU
  73. Cities and most of the _______ are found mainly along the _____.
    Population, coast
  74. _________ is the most important economic resource in Libya.
Card Set
North and Southern Africa
Made: 5/30/12 Quiz: 6/1/12