Unit VIII ID Terms

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  1. a nation or person engaged in war or conflict, as recognized by international law.
    Belligerent
  2. a person who commits or practices an undermining of a cause (sabotage)
    Saboteur
  3. yield of concede to belligerent demands of a nation in a conciliatory effort, sometimes at the expense of justice or other principles
    Appeasement
  4. a shell, bomb, or grenade containing napalm, thermite, or some other substance that burns with an intense heat.
    Incendiary
  5. public declaration of intentions, opinions, objectives, or motives as one issued by a government, sovereign, or organization
    Manifesto
  6. a long speech used to prevent the adoption of a measure generally favor or to force a decision against the majority
    Filibuster
  7. important Civil Rights leader; created the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC); believed in nonviolent methods (esp. of Gandhi) to achieve equal rights; led Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955) & March on Washington (1963) [“I Have a Dream” speech]; wanted federal enforcement of law; assassinated in 1968 in Memphis, TN
    Martin Luther King
  8. leader of Nation of Islam (black separatist group); best known leader of black power movement; while w/ Nation of Islam, believed in blacks supremacy and self-segregation; broke off from Nation of Islam in 1964, began to support integration and civil rights movement; assassinated in 1965
    Malcolm X
  9. leader of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC); part of the Black Panthers; important proponent of black nationalist and Pan-Africanist movement
    Stokely Carmichael
  10. broke color barrier in base (1947); played for Brooklyn Dodges
    Jackie Robinson
  11. 1st African-American to win the Nobel Peace Prize (1948)
    Ralph Bunche
  12. governor of AL; known for standing in door of University of Alabama to prevent integration; famous for segregationalist attitude
    George Wallace
  13. first African-American Supreme Court Justice
    Thurgood Marshall
  14. began Montgomery Bus Boycott when refused to leave seat on bus (1955)
    Rosa Parks
  15. founded Black Panthers; advocated racial separation, Black Power
    Eldridge Cleaver
  16. Secretary of State under Eisenhower; “massive retaliation” policy; “roll back” of communism; “domino theory”; sent military aid to French in Indochina
    John Foster Dulles
  17. Dixiecrat (Southern Democratic) candidate in 1948 election; S.C.; advocated segregation
    Strom Thurmond
  18. created policy of containment; contain Soviet expansion; developed policy in reaction to Soviet est. of satellite states in E. Europe
    George F. Kennan
  19. eveloped Marshall Plan; helped containment; tried to prevent radical groups from taking over war-torn countries; massive aid program to Europe; USSR refused aid;
    George Marshall
  20. lead scientist of Manhattan Project to create atomic bomb; “I have become death, the destroyer of worlds”
    J. Robert Oppenheimer
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155919
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Unit VIII ID Terms
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ID Terms for Unit VIII quiz in APUSH
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