AP World Chapter 01 Vocabulary

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  1. The process in which cultural ideas, objects, and lifestyles are sread from one society to another.
    Cultural Diffusion
  2. Societies distinguished by reliance on sedentary agriculture, ability to produce food surpluses, and existence of non-farming elites, as well as merchant and manufacturing groups.
  3. Hierarchical structure of class and status, such as kings and queens, down to the bottom of the pyramid with peasants.
    Social Stratification
  4. The Old Stone Age ending in 12,000 B.C.E; typified by use of crude stone tools and hunting and gathering for subsistence.
    Paleolithic Age
  5. A system of beliefs that helped explain the environment and set up rules for various kinds of social behavior.
  6. The succession of technological innovations and changes in human organization that led to the development of agriculture, 8500-3500 B.C.E.
    Neolithic Revolution
  7. From about 4000 B.C.E., when these kinds of tools were first introduced in the Middle East until Iron began to replace it.
    Bronze age
  8. A level of social organization normally consisting of 20 to 30 people; nomadic hunters and gatherers; labor divided on a gender basis.
    Tribal Bands
  9. Societies with the male as the high powered gender. Men rule the world.
  10. Literally "between the rivers"; the civilizations that arose in the alluvial plain of the Tigris and Euphrates river valleys.
  11. People who migrated into Mesopotamia c. 4000 B.C.E. created first civilization within region; organized area into city-states.
  12. A form of political organization typical of Mesopotamian civilizations; consisted of agricultural hinterlands ruled by an urban-based king.
  13. In Sinai Peninsula to Mesopotamia, forming a crescent shaped area of fertile soil.
    Fertile Crescent
  14. The belief of many gods. It was the most common form in ancient civilizations.
  15. Massive towers usually associated with Mesopotamian temple complexes.
  16. The moral values and principles of a culture.
  17. The most important ruler of the Babylonian empire; responsible for the codification of law.
  18. A government where a deity is the supreme ruler.
  19. A Language group of Indus and Europe.
  20. Believing that your ethics and way of life are correct and better than others.
  21. Title of ancient Egyptian kings. Considered a god, and were a recreation of Horus.
  22. A form of government in which there are multiple bodies or bureaus that help govern a place.
  23. The exclusive worship of a single god; introduced by the Jews into Western civilization.
  24. Along with Mohenjodaro, major urban complex of the civilization; laid out on planned grid pattern.
  25. Strong winds caused by the seasons.
  26. Also known as the yellow river; sire of development of sedentary agriculture in China.
    Huang He
  27. Shamans or priests in Chinese society who foretold the future through interpretations of animal bones cracked by heat; inscriptions on bones led to Chinese writing.
  28. A person who had power and wealth from owning land.
  29. Animal bones or shells used to tell the gods wishes in Chinese civilization.
    Oracle Bones
  30. Non-religious
  31. Government who had power and wealth from trade.
  32. Self-government. The independence of the will on one's action
  33. The first son in the family gets everything the father had after passing away.
  34. Believing in equality of all people.
  35. Money paid to the bride's family in order for them to marry.
    Bride Money
  36. Cheating on a married person.
  37. River sources in Himalayas to mouth in Arabian Sea; location of Harappan civilization.
    Indus River Valley
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AP World Chapter 01 Vocabulary
AP World Chapter 1 Vocabulary Review
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