CLT Review

  1. How does heparin work?
    Inhibits conversion of prothrombin to thrombin
  2. Oxalate works how?

    Interferes with what chemistry tests?
    Binds calcium and forms insoluble complexes

    Na, K, ammonia (NH3), Li
  3. Sodium Flouride works how?
    • Binds calcium amd prevents glycolysis.
    • May inhibit some enzymatic methods
  4. Prolonged tourniquet use has what effect on chemistry values?
    • Increased total protein
    • Decreased K
  5. Function of proteins
    • Transportation of metabolic substances.
    • Part of cell membranes.
    • Part of hormones and receptors
    • Componants of enzymes.
  6. Proteins are composed of?
    • Carbon
    • Oxygen
    • Hydrogen
    • Nitrogen
    • Sulfur
  7. Nitrogen differentiates proteins by what?
    Carbohydrates and Lipids
  8. Albumin is soluble in what?
  9. Globulins are soluble in what?
    Dilute salt solutions
  10. Protein denaturation can be caused by...
    Change in temperature (Rupture weak secondary and tertiary bonds)

    Changes in pH (Alter Ionic Charge)


    UV Light
  11. Phenylketonuria traits
    Enzyme deficiency of phenylalanine hydrolase.

    Results in accumulation of phenylalanine in the blood.

    Results in accumulation of phenylpyruvic acid in the urine.

    Testing includes PKU and the Guthrie test.
  12. Tyrosinemia traits
    Enzyme deficiency of tyrosine aminotransferase.

    Results in the accumulation of tyrosine.
  13. alkaptonuria traits
    Enzyme deficiency of homogentisic oxidase

    Results in the accumulation
Card Set
CLT Review
CLT Review