colorectal cancer

  1. Screening
    •Fecal Occult Blood Test

    •Flexible Sigmoidoscopy (flex-sig)

  2. Screening
    • •Fecal occult blood testing (FOBT)
    • A high-sensitivity fecal occult blood test (FOBT) checks for occult blood in three consecutive
    • stool samples.
  3. •Limitations of FOBT
    • –Diet and concomitant medications may affect test results of guaiac-based
    • FOBT
  4. •Colonoscopy
    •The most complete screening procedure

    •Examination of the entire large bowel

    •Currently the preferred screening method

    • •Routine schedule: Every 10 years
  5. •Double Contrast Barium enema
    • –Should only be used as an alternative for patients who can not undergo a colonoscopy
    • or colonoscopy is technically incomplete
  6. •Computed Tomographic Colonography
    Lack of consensus on the use of CT colonography as a primary screening tool
  7. •Stool DNA Test
    Currently is not considered a first-line screening tool
  8. •Tumor marker
    • •Not useful as a screening test – important for evaluating
    • response to treatment
  9. Colon Cancer Prognostic Indicators
    • The stage of cancer at diagnosis is the most important
    • prognostic indicator for survival and recurrence
Card Set
colorectal cancer