Cardiology PANCE review

  1. A weak upstroke on carotid artery pulse due to a decreased stroke volume
    pulsus parvus
  2. Causes of pulsus parvus
    • hypovolemia
    • LV failure
    • aortic or mitral stenosis
    • (anything that decreases stroke volume)
  3. Delayed carotid pulse upstroke is called
    pulsus tardus
  4. A JVP plot of a pt with pulsus parvus et tardus will have...



    C) late small upstroke
  5. Causes of a bounding (or hyperkinetic) pulse
    • Hyperkinetic circulation
    • aortic regurgitation
    • patent ductus arteriosus
    • marked vasodilation
  6. ___ is a double systolic pulsation on the carotid pulse
    pulsus bisferiens
  7. Causes of pulsus bisferiens
    • aortic regurgitation
    • hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  8. ___ is a regular alteration in pulse pressure amplitude (usually big small big small)
    Pulsus alternans
  9. Causes of pulsus alternans
    severe LV dysfunction
  10. Causes of pulsus paradoxus
    • pericardial tamponade
    • severe obstructive lung disease
  11. __ is an exaggerated fall in systolic blood pressure with inspiration >10mmHg
    Pulsus paradoxus
  12. Causes of a large "a" wave
    • Tricuspid stenosis
    • pulmonic stenosis
    • AV dissociation (rt atrium contracts agains closed tricuspid valve)
  13. Causes of a large "v" wave
    • Tricuspid regurgitation
    • Atrial septal defect
  14. Causes of a steep "y" decent
    Constrictive pericarditis
  15. Causes of a slow "y" decent
    Tricuspid stenosis
  16. What is the most common type of cardiomyopathy
    dilated cardiomyopathy
Author
BostonPhysicianAssist
ID
154273
Card Set
Cardiology PANCE review
Description
Cardiology review questions from multiple sources
Updated