Cardiology PANCE review

  1. A weak upstroke on carotid artery pulse due to a decreased stroke volume
    pulsus parvus
  2. Causes of pulsus parvus
    • hypovolemia
    • LV failure
    • aortic or mitral stenosis
    • (anything that decreases stroke volume)
  3. Delayed carotid pulse upstroke is called
    pulsus tardus
  4. A JVP plot of a pt with pulsus parvus et tardus will have...

    C) late small upstroke
  5. Causes of a bounding (or hyperkinetic) pulse
    • Hyperkinetic circulation
    • aortic regurgitation
    • patent ductus arteriosus
    • marked vasodilation
  6. ___ is a double systolic pulsation on the carotid pulse
    pulsus bisferiens
  7. Causes of pulsus bisferiens
    • aortic regurgitation
    • hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  8. ___ is a regular alteration in pulse pressure amplitude (usually big small big small)
    Pulsus alternans
  9. Causes of pulsus alternans
    severe LV dysfunction
  10. Causes of pulsus paradoxus
    • pericardial tamponade
    • severe obstructive lung disease
  11. __ is an exaggerated fall in systolic blood pressure with inspiration >10mmHg
    Pulsus paradoxus
  12. Causes of a large "a" wave
    • Tricuspid stenosis
    • pulmonic stenosis
    • AV dissociation (rt atrium contracts agains closed tricuspid valve)
  13. Causes of a large "v" wave
    • Tricuspid regurgitation
    • Atrial septal defect
  14. Causes of a steep "y" decent
    Constrictive pericarditis
  15. Causes of a slow "y" decent
    Tricuspid stenosis
  16. What is the most common type of cardiomyopathy
    dilated cardiomyopathy
Card Set
Cardiology PANCE review
Cardiology review questions from multiple sources